Rio Grande lost control of the Western Pacific in 1916, with the latter railroad company remaining independent until it was merged with the Union Pacific in 1982, giving Union Pacific direct access to the ports of Oakland and San Francisco. Although the Union Pacific did not start building in earnest until the end of the Civil War in 1865, they raced ahead across the flat terrain, at one point laying eight miles of track in one day. In 1869 the Union Pacific Railroad out of Omaha, Nebraska, and the Central Pacific Railroad out of Sacramento, California linked tracks in the Golden Spike ceremony at Promontory Summit, Utah to form the first transcontinental railroad service in the United States. On Friday, September 4, 1885, the train brought the town's new school teacher Clara Clayton among its passengers, and delivered the clock for the new courthouse. The vaunted Southern Pacific name carries a complex history although its immediate heritage can be traced back to the Transcontinental Railroad's completion. The line began in Sacramento, the railroad's western terminus. The railroad ended in Promontory, Utah. In 1870, the newly created nation of Canadaacquired Rupert’s Land from the Hudson’s Bay Company, an enormous tract of land stretching north and west; one yearlater, British Columbia entered Confederationbased in part on the promise that a transcontinental railwaywould connect it to the rest of Canada within 10 years (see Railway History). The Central Pacific's first locomotive, No. Although the railroad got off to a good start, a team of magnates, so-called the Big Four¹, were eyeing the growing company. By April 1864 the jubilance of groundbreaking had long ago faded into the ether. The Central Pacific used black power during most of the construction phase of the railroad, but the Summit Tunnel through the highest point of the Sierra Nevada range proved a formidable obstacle that necessitated the use of nitroglycerin. Representatives of both railroads take turns driving the final golden spike into the ground during a ceremony at Promontory Summit in the Utah Territory. The Southern Pacific was first officially established under the actual SP name during 1870, and was once the largest Western-based US Class 1 railroad which eventually grew by the 1960's and 1970's due to the purchase and absorption of the St. Louis Southwestern "Cotton Belt" Railroad (SSW). There were many challenges to building the railroad east from Sacramento, CA. Consequentially, since building fast brought in more cash than building efficiently, the two lines spent little time choosing routes; they just laid track and cashed in[27]. Both railroad companies battled against their respective obstacles to lay the most miles of track, therefore gaining the most land and money. Although the Central Pacific had a two-year head start over the Union Pacific, the rough terrain of the Sierra Nevadas limited their construction to only 100 miles by the end … 1 Governor Stanford, was placed in service on November 10. It did not begin in Omaha, that is a wrong fact. Th… "Doc" Emmett Brown and Marty McFly took the opportunity to ask the engineerwhether a steam locomotive could go as fast as ninety miles per hour (which theoretically could be done if the train wasn't hauling any cars behind it and if the boiler was heated to dangerous leve… The Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR) was a rail company chartered by U.S. Congress in 1862 to build a railroad eastwards from Sacramento, California, to complete the western part of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America. No railroad was ever built from the East coast to the West coast. The SP originally operated from California to Utah (and various other places in the West; including a brief period in Wyoming, though t… The first, and most difficult challenge for both companies building the transcontinental railroad, was the Sierra Nevada mountains. In six years, more than 20,000 workers' Chinese (absent from this picture), Irish, and others had laid down some 1,700 miles of track in the largest American civi… Although the Central Pacific had a two-year head start over the Union Pacific, the rough terrain of the Sierra Nevadas limited their construction to only 100 miles by the end … On July 1, 1862, President Lincoln signed the Railroad Act of 1862, which authorized the Union Pacific to build a railroad from the Missouri River to California, or until it met the Central Pacific. The original Western Pacific Railroad (1862–1870) was established in 1862 to build the westernmost portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad, between Sacramento and San Jose, California (later Oakland, California).After completing the last link from Sacramento to Oakland, this company was absorbed into the Central Pacific Railroad in 1870. In 1876 the Southern Pacific completed a line through the San Joaquin Valley of California, connecting San Francisco and Los Angeles. The transcontinental railroad crossed western plains and mountains and linked the West Coast with the rail networks of the eastern United States. The Central Pacific Railroad broke ground at Front and K Streets in Sacramento on January 8, 1863, and laid its first rail on October 26. But as the railroad continued through the foothills of the Sierras, construction became more difficult. [1] Settlers were attracted to communities near railroads because they provided access to markets. Transcontinental Railroad Fact 4: January 8, 1863: California Governor Leland Stanford conducts the Groundbreaking Groundbreaking ceremony for the Central Pacific in Sacramento, California. What state did the railroad pass through for the Central Pacific? We see a group of railroad men and women make their way west on the Union Pacific side of construction. The Bill charters Central Pacific to build the California line and the Union Pacific Railroad Company to build west from the Missouri River. Nebraska. This law authorized the Central Pacific to begin building the transcontinental railroad eastward from Sacramento, California, and the Union Pacific to begin building westward from Omaha, Nebraska. The Union Pacific Railroad started in Omaha, Neb., and worked west, while the Central Pacific Railroad started in Sacramento, Calif., and worked east. The Southern Pacific Railroad was founded in 1865 by a group of businessmen led by Timothy Phelps. The telegram was signed, “Leland Stanford, Central Pacific Railroad. Nevada. The UP and CP, then, would compete for government generosity, and the line that built the most miles would get the most cash and land. In 1868, they purchased the Southern Pacific. In order to construct the railway andencourage future settlement, the government consider… To end the struggle of traveling in bad conditions and to get products across the country. History. Burton Folsom, in The Myth of the Robber Barons, separates entrepreneurs of this time into two groups; the political entrepreneurs and the market entrepreneurs. By year's end, similar locomotive routes exist in New York and South Carolina. From 1827 to 1863 many different railroads were in the East and starting to build West. On May 10, 1869, the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroad lines joined 1776 miles of rail at Promontory Summit, Utah Territory. Southern Pacific Railroad. The railroad would be financed by selling this land. As the Central Pacific began at Sacramento and built eastward, all supplies other than those obtained from California or from along the road had to be brought from the eastern states. Construction got a slow start in Omaha, Nebraska, eastern terminus of the Union Pacific Railroad. Constructed from the west by the Central Pacific and from the east by the Union Pacific, the two roads were linked in Utah in 1869 to great national fanfare. The Central Pacific made quick progress along the Sacramento Valley. Central Pacific Railroad began operating freight and passenger trains over the first 31 miles of track to Newcastle in June 1864. Incorporated in 1861, CPRR ceased operation in 1885 when it … Central Pacific Railroad: The Western End of the Transcontinental Railroad The Central Pacific Railroad was chartered by Congress, through the Pacific Railroad Act of 1862, to construct a portion of the first transcontinental line, starting in Sacramento and proceeding eastward. 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