I know it happens .....read more, The following article originally appeared in. Isotrema is usually included here, but might be a valid genus. Aristolochia L. Common Name: DUTCHMAN'S-PIPE: Genus Notes: Aristolochia is a monophyletic genus of ca. Native Aristolochia species found in Florida include Virginia snakeroot (A. serpentaria), Woolly Dutchman’s pipe (A. tomentosa) and Marsh’s Dutchman’s pipe (A. pentandra). (Pipe-dreams are "fanciful or unrealistic hope or plans." The following article originally appeared in American Butterflies (Vol 9: No.2, Summer 2001).The names of plant species are even less uniform than are butterfly names. Strays north to Kentucky and Missouri. The iridescent black-and-blue pipevine swallowtail (Battus philenor) uses various species of pipevines as host plants for its eggs. How many of you occasionally make some neat butterfly discovery while not actually intending to be out butterflying? There are 23 species of pipevine in North America north of Mexico. ... pipevines (Aristolochia spp.) Those without an * are those recommended by other farmers and enthusiasts. You may find pipevines for sale that have large, showy flowers and while these can be quite spectacular, they are not the native varieties and they will not be hardy in most climates throughout the United States. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2001/1841/made, https://www.gov.uk/drug-safety-update/illegal-herbal-remedies-containing-aristolochia-vigilance-needed, "Aristolochic acid-associated urothelial cancer in Taiwan". Due to its resemblance to the uterus, the doctrine of signatures held that birthwort was useful in childbirth. Lepidoptera feeding on pipevines include: In Australia the invasive Aristolochia littoralis is fatal to the caterpillars of Ornithoptera euphorion and O. richmondia and threatens to displace their proper host, A. tagala. Its members are commonly known as birthwort, pipevine or Dutchman's pipe and are widespread and occur in the most diverse climates. The species Aristolochia clematitis was highly regarded as a medicinal plant since the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans, and on until the Early Modern era; it also plays a role in traditional Chinese medicine. Sci. The butterfly Battus polydamas, whose range includes most of the south eastern US also uses some species of Aristolochia as a host plant. [6] For 400 years, the Bencao Gangmu remained the principal source of information in traditional Chinese medicine and the work was translated into numerous languages, reflecting its influence in countries other than China. Furthermore, these metabolites appear to show a preference for CAG and TAG sequences. In 1993, a series of end-stage renal disease cases was reported[9][18] from Belgium associated with a weight loss treatment, where Stephania tetrandra in a herbal preparation was suspected of being substituted with Aristolochia fangchi. The species Aristolochia clematitis was highly regarded as a medicinal plant since the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans, and on until the Early Modern era; it also plays a role in traditional Chinese medicine. Pipevines (Aristolochia) are the genus of plants that serve as host plants for the Polydamas Swallowtails (Battus polydamas) and Pipevine Swallowtails (Battus philenor) here in Central Florida.Trouble is, not all aristolochia species can successfully be used by both butterfly species. An entire porch could be turned into a private shady retreat, perfect for the pre-airconditioned era. Zebra swallowtail: pawpaw (Asimina triloba) Many more suitable for gardens exist. Some species, like A. utriformis and A. westlandii, are threatened with extinction. Increasing plantings of the only food that will support Pipevine Swallowtail caterpillars can only help to preserve and perhaps help increase this beautiful butterfly. Read more about raising Pipevine Swallowtails. 2006; González et al. The Pipevines are used by the Pipevine Swallowtail and Polydamas Swallowtail butterflies as a caterpillar host plant. Pipevines share the family Aristolochiaceae with the wild gingers (asarum). Despite its presence in ancient medicine, Aristolochia is known to contain the lethal toxin aristolochic acid. 2006). 5, 197ra101 (2013), M. L. Hoang, C.-H. Chen, V. S. Sidorenko, J. We hope to show that even pipe-dreams can come true!). The common names Dutchman's pipe and pipevine (e.g. These hairs then wither to release the fly, covered with pollen. Although the vine covered homes of Victorian times are no longer de rigueur, there is still a valuable place for pipevine in the garden in general and the butterfly garden in particular. Larval host plants: Troidine swallowtail larvae feed exclusively on plants belonging to the genus Aristolochia(Aristolochiaceae) (Urzúa & Priestap 1985) often called Dutchman’s pipes or simply pipevines because the flowers of some species are shaped like tobacco pipes (Figure 16). Aristolochia was first described by the 4th c. BC Greek philosopher and botanist Theophrastos in his book [Inquiry of Plants, IX.8.3], and the scientific name Aristolochia was developed from Ancient Greek aristos (άριστος) "best" + locheia (λοχεία), childbirth or childbed, relating to its known ancient use in childbirth. Pipevines (Aristolochia species) Adult diet: Nectar from flowers primarily of the lantana species, but also seen feeding on honeysuckle and soapweed Did You Know? 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