He also remained faithful to God. 15Now as for you, you shall go to your fathers in peace; you shall be buried at a good old age.  16But in the fourth generation they shall return here, for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet complete. As a result of interpreting Pharaoh’s dream and recommending a solution, God told Moses to tell the pharaoh that “I AM” had sent him because “I AM” was the name by which the Egyptians had known Joseph’s God. ‘Entangled in the land’?…or… ‘a way in the deep’? Joseph’s brothers came directly to Joseph in person. However, there are 5 known “Ptahoteps”, all viziers to pharaohs of the 5th dynasty, all priests of Heliopolis, or “On”. supervised the agricultural production of Pharaoh’s estates and was responsible Who is the god? This theory, coupled with the orthodox chronology, has been attractive to the secular world because it is presumed that an Asiatic king would be much more likely than an Egyptian one to advance Joseph to such a high position. In addition, the mention of a chariot in Genesis 41:43 has, given that the Hyksos introduced war chariots to Egypt, been used to tie Joseph to the Hyksos period.  While chariots were not present in large numbers prior to the Hyksos, it is unlikely that they were completely unknown in the Middle Kingdom, and it is natural to believe that Pharaoh would have one or two for his use.[10]. Joseph was truly a king-maker. The name, Imhotep, in ancient Egyptian is translated to mean “the voice (or mouth) of Im”; however, there is no record of a god in Egypt called “Im”. We know that his wisdom came from the true God of Abraham. But God spoke in this way: that his[Abraham’s] descendants would dwell in a foreign land, and they would bring them into bondage and oppress them four hundred years. 56 And the famine was over all the face of the earth: and Joseph opened all the storehouses, and sold unto the Egyptians; and the famine waxed sore in the land of Egypt. There are 2 particular statements in Ptahotep’s writings which indicate that this is exactly what happened. 7, April 1994). [10] Aling, PRO 25:13 As the cold of snow in the time of harvest, so is a faithful messenger to them that send him: for he refresheth the soul of his masters. No inscriptions were found on the walls and the sarcophagus was empty. 27 And as one of them opened his sack to give his ass provender in the inn, he espied his money; for, behold, it was in his sack’s mouth. Also, in all the other ancient cities, whenever large bins such as these were uncovered, they were recognized as “storage bins”, but in Egypt, the scholars tend to term everything they find a “tomb”. The Egyptians abhor facial hair and are a … Imhotep Appointed Later in Djoser’s Reign Joseph and the Famine: The Story’s Origins in Egyptian History During the reign of Pharaoh Siptah, Egypt had a powerful vizier from the Levant named Baya, who dominated even the Pharaoh. Wood’s argument is that Pithom and Rameses (at the time known a Avaris) were built before the 18th dynasty indicating that the enslavement began under the Hyksos. JOH 8:58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am. If this man, Imhotep, was Joseph, surely there must be some evidence tieing him with the Biblical account. He releases her and Abraham and orders them to take their goods and to leave Egypt. In fact, the Bible says that he did: PSA 105:17 He sent a man before them, even Joseph, who was sold for a servant:…20 The king sent and loosed him; even the ruler of the people, and let him go free. In the new testament we find a couple of additional references to the length of time the children of Israel spent in Egypt. A large complex was built which contained the future burial site of the pharaoh but also included a walled in center which contained huge grain bins. Second, in order to conduct the necessary public works projects to prepare for the lean years, primarily the construction and maintenance of additional storage facilities given the amount of grain that would need to be stored.  A final consideration is the protection of that grain particularly during the lean years.  The story tells us that the famine impacted all of Egypt as well as Canaan and perhaps other countries as well.  Consider that if these events occurred during the Second Intermediate Period when upper and lower Egypt had separate governments, then only one part of the country (presumably Lower Egypt– the Nile delta region) would have been prepared.  A starving Upper Egypt would have then looked to capture the stored grain and war would have ensued.  Similarly, invasion from Canaan and elsewhere would have been likely in order to secure the available food.  Absent a strong central government, Egypt would not have been able to defend its grain stores.  Consequently, I believe that the context of the story makes a strong argument that the events described took place in a united Egypt and therefore during the Middle Kingdom period.  This in turn suggests a long sojourn. 35 And let them gather all the food of those good years that come, and lay up corn under the hand of Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities. In the inscription, Imhotep answers the pharaoh about the god of the Nile and tells him where he lives. Da Vinci gained the reputation of a genius- Imhotep was eventually elevated to the status of a god. April 5, 2010. consistent with what we know about Egypt in the Middle Kingdom and Second David; Exodus: Myth or History; St. [4] Aling, The majority of such modern scholars date Joseph to the Second Intermediate Period of Egyptian history, ca. Josephus, writing in the first century AD, supports the Septuagint version of events in his history of the Jewish people: They left Egypt in the month Xanthicus, on the fifteenth day of the lunar month; four hundred and thirty years after our forefather Abraham came into Canaan, but two hundred and fifteen years only after Jacob removed into Egypt (Josephus, Ant II 15:2). The Bible Story of Joseph from the Book of Genesis. Joseph likely also has this status because he is the eldest child of Jacob’s favorite (deceased) wife, Rachel. 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