2.5 Kinship : Consanguinity and Affinity; Principles and types of descent (Unilineal, Double, Bilateral Ambilineal); Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred); Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory); Descent, Filiation and Complementary Filiation;Decent and Alliance. Anthropology is the holistic portrayal of man. To make it manageable, there are broadly 4 major subdivisions. ( Log Out /  Fieldwork tradition in anthropology Distinction between technique, method and methodology Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods. The perception that other culture or faith is inferior should be wiped out. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. MAN-001 : Social Anthropology MAN-002 : Archaeological Anthropology MANI-001 : Anthropology And Methods Of Research MANI-002 : Physical Anthropology MANE-001 : Human Genetics MANE-003 : Comparative Ethnography MANE-004 : Gender and Society MANE-005 : Environmental Anthropology MANI-003 : Practicing Anthropology MANP-001 : Fieldwork Manual Rules are uncodified. and Quaternary fossil primates; Living Major Primates; Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes; Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications. (a) Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders). Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages. Taking medicines are determined by personal beliefs. 1.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man: (a) Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution. (e) Homo sapiens—Cromagnon, Grimaldi and Chancelade. ANTHROPOLOGY optional has become favourite of UPSC aspirants these days. They reinforce ties between kin groups. It investigates the ways that a population shapes its environment and the subsequent effects on their culture. In America, a tradition of study of whole cultures developed, while in Britain the comparative study of social structures was considered to be the subject matter of social anthropology. Disputes are settled face to face with interpersonal contact. Epidemics of infectious diseases have killed millions of people within short periods of time throughout recorded history. 8.2 Tribe and nation state—a comparative study of tribal communities in India and other countries. In this method of information collection, only a few ‘egos’ have to be tackled by the field worker in order to get lots of information. Myupsc.com is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). 102. Fieldwork tradition in anthropology 2. Research methods in anthropology: 1. Creating a vaccine or drug will take decades. Anthropology is a very meticulous subject and you should […] Anthropology syllabus for upsc aspirants for the preparation of the upsc examinations. Since it is yielding 270+ marks every year to the UPSC-Civil Services Examination toppers. Fieldwork tradition in anthropology. Anthropology as an Optional. Fieldwork tradition in anthropology Distinction between technique, method and methodology Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods. —Prehistoric (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Neolithic-Chalcolithic), Protohistoric (Indus Civilization). Customary, ethical rules, sometimes, supernatural, divine rules are in force. You “occupy” a certain status, but you “play” a role. Critique -Today, most of the primitive cultures are being wiped out. PAPER-I. Social change. Source – Introducing Social-Cultural Anthropology by US Misra and Nadeem Hasnain. ANTHROPOLOGY optional has become favourite of UPSC aspirants these days. Since it is yielding 270+ marks every year to the UPSC-Civil Services Examination toppers. Chapter – Political Anthropology. Distinction between technique, method and methodology. nutritional, cultural and socio-economic. The capacity to speak language is Man’s unique and distinctive character feature and also an inalienable part of culture – it is an instrument of communication between members. (c) Synthetic theory of evolution; Brief outline of terms and concepts of evolutionary, biology (Doll’s rule, Cope’s rule, Gause’s rule, parallelism, convergence, adaptive. 1.3 Main branches of Anthropology, their scope and relevance : (a) Social-cultural Anthropology. (a) Fieldwork tradition in anthropology (b) Distinction between method, technique and methodology (c) Tools of data collection: interview, observation, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, , oral history ,life-history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods. The Yako of South East Nigeria. Popular Courses. (a) Fieldwork tradition in anthropology (b) Distinction between technique, method and methodology (c) Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, lifehistory, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods. Post- modernism in anthropology. Source – An introduction to social anthropology by DN Majumdar and TN Madan. Role of N.G.O.s in tribal development. Tribe-case continuum. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Its method is a comparative study of cultures and social structures of the people, to arrive at certain valid generations about social-cultural behaviour of Man. Q. Fieldwork tradition in anthropology. Archaeological Anthropology. Fieldwork tradition in anthropology Distinction between technique, method and methodology Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods. Examples Chimpanzees regularly use simple tools, with younger chimps learning their use through observation and trial and error. 8.1 Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and other religions on tribal societies. If children are exposed to such thinking, hate crimes and communal fights might just reduce. Solution Anthropologists can play a vital role in assessing impact of community projects on rural life, popularising planning. UPSC Anthropology Syllabus 2020 for IAS exam is provided by UPSC through the Civil Service Exam Notification. Anthropology is one of the many optional subjects that can be opted for the UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam. 10. Biological Anthropology. UPSC Anthropology Syllabus, Civil Services Anthropology Syllabus, IAS Anthropology There are 48 optional subjects in total from which the UPSC aspirants have to select their subjects for Main Paper. Source – Introducing Social-Cultural Anthropology by US Misra and Nadeem Hasnain. Research methods in anthropology: Fieldwork tradition in anthropology; Distinction between technique, method and methodology; Tools of data collection: observation; interview; questionnaire and schedules; Case study; genealogy; life history; oral history; secondary sources of information; participatory methods. Ecological, cultural, economic, political, applied, symbolic, cognitive, psychological are a few. Definition and universality; Laws of marriage (endogamy, exogamy, hypergamy, hypogamy, incest taboo); Type of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group, marriage). The Anthropology syllabus for UPSC CSE Exam focuses on the candidates’ ability to understand the subject as science and apply the knowledge to problems faced by the people. Anthropology is generally understood as the study of all people across all points in time and space, and is broken down into four distinct sub-fields in the American tradition: Cultural anthropology, Different chimp troupes use different tools. Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity of Indian society. Though taboo and fear of supernatural are important negative sanctions, positive sanctions count for more than negative sanctions. Techniques of fieldwork – Going out to the people, staying with them for a reasonable amount of time, observing them and collecting data, recording it. ... Fieldwork tradition in anthropology… Development of forest policy and tribals. Examine their role in anthropological studies. The medical profession treats the illness but it cannot explain the why, Because of anthropological studies, we have the following insights on health and disease. There are many areas of specialization under this. ( Log Out /  (b) Theories of … Fieldwork Tradition in Anthropology and Pilot Survey . In contrast, an achieved status is based at least in part on a person’s voluntary actions. (a) Fieldwork tradition in anthropology (b) Distinction between technique, method and methodology (c) Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods. 5.2 Linguistic and religious minorities and their social, political and economic status. 8. The physical and mental advantages like erect posture, freely opposable thumb and prehensile forelimbs, stereoscopic and chromatic vision, intelligent brain, creation of symbol, language and culture that man has are absent in any other species, which is why our culture is incomparable to the concept of culture among other species. Deviant behaviour is dealt with legal force. All moveable property are inherited matrilineally like household items, coins. —Biological and chronological longevity. 1.3. It differs from other fields that study human society because anthropology is comparative, holistic and global. ... Fieldwork tradition in anthropology… Development of forest policy and tribals. Descent is of two types – Unilineal, Non-unilineal or cognatic. (d) Linguistic Anthropology. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. (c) Archaeological Anthropology. Definition and universality; Family, household and domestic groups; functions of. 8. So, for complete understanding of the concepts of health and disease, these cultural and social factors and their contribution also needs to be studied. diseases, Nutritional deficiency related diseases. Fertility patterns and differentials. The spirit of law is positive, not negative. Anthropology is the holistic study of man. Describe the evolution of Fieldwork tradition in Anthropology. Each contestant tries to deliver the traditional compositions with greatest skill. ; Evolutionary Trend and Primate Taxonomy; Primate, Adaptations; (Arboreal and Terrestrial) Primate Taxonomy; Primate Behaviour; Tertiary. Carmel (Progressive type). Data is collected through interviews – about members- both ancestors and descendants of one or more families. SECTION A Q1. Get More on IAS; Examrace IAS CSAT Prelims Paper II Series (Postal Course) IAS (UPSC-CSE) Exam. Distinction between technique, method and methodology 3. Double descent is a type of cognatic descent where the ego is a member of both his/her father’s patrilineage and mother’s matrilineage simultaneously. Impact of urbanisation and industrialization on tribal populations. Infectious and non-infectious. An introduction to anthropological thought by Beals and Hoijer – Chapter 2, Nature of culture. Impact of urbanisation and, 7.1 Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other. Source – Anthropology- A global perspective by Raymond Scupin, Christopher R DeCorse, Eastern Economy Edition, Sixth Edition, Chapter 14- Analyzing Sociocultural Systems. Rather than focusing on the material he or she used, another way they approached it is based on the how an individual organizes the thought of men (human beings). Anthropology studies human beings in diverse aspects. 1.3 Main branches of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: Social- cultural Anthropology. 11.2 Demographic theories-biological, social and cultural. Bio-genetic variability, linguistic and socio-economic. Introduction to Anthropology. 9.1 History of administration of tribal areas, tribal policies, plans, programmes of tribal development and their implementation. characteristics of the tribal populations and their distribution. Role is closely related to status. Indian population—factors influencing its structure and growth. It differs from other fields that study human society because anthropology is comparative, holistic and global. Fieldwork tradition in anthropology. Traditionally, studying anthropology requires fieldwork … Interpretation, analysis, and presentation of data. ( Log Out /  9.8 Epidemiological Anthropology : Health and disease. Author Self Study for UPSC … Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: hot desert, cold, high altitude climate. Anthropology by Carol R Ember, Melvin Ember, Peter N Peregrine, Pearson Education, Tenth Edition, Chapter 22 Associations and Interest Groups. PAPER-I. Important Note: lock. ( Log Out /  Thus physical direct observation, participation helps draw an authentic, comprehensive picture of the culture. In India, Todas have 2 endogamous moieties consisting of intersecting matri sibs and patri sibs. The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. It blends theory and analysis with political awareness and policy concerns. 1.2 Palaeo—Anthropological evidences from India with special reference to Siwaliks and Narmada basin (Ramapithecus, Sivapithecus and Narmada Man). However, UPSC does not discriminate between any of its optional subjects and one should consider his/her interest a … 1.5 Characteristics of Primates; Evolutionary Trend and Primate Taxonomy; Primate Adaptations; (Arboreal and Terrestrial) Primate Taxonomy; Primate Behaviour; Tertiary and Quaternary fossil primates; Living Major Primates; Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes; Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications. (c) Tools of data collection : observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods. Research methods in Anthropology : (a) Fieldwork tradition in anthropology (b) Distinction between technique, method and methodology (c) Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods. Functions of marriage; Marriage regulations (preferential, prescriptive and. Corvids ( the group of birds that include crows, jays, ravens) and many song birds ‘learn’ new behaviours. Chapter – Uses of anthropology, section – the future of applied anthropology in India, Page 39. For the right choice of subject it is important to know the exam pattern and structure before starting their preparation strategy. Discuss the different fieldwork traditions in anthropological research. UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam Optional Subject consists of 2 papers. Status may be based on or accompanied by wealth, power, prestige, or a combination of all three. Bio-cultural Adaptations—Genetic and Non-genetic factors. Methodologies for growth studies. For instance, take AIDS and HIV. 7.3 The concept of ethnicity; Ethnic conflicts and political developments; Unrest among tribal, communities; Regionalism and demand for autonomy; Pseudo-tribalism. New world archaeology branch of archaeology, which confines itself to the study of origin and development of culture in prehistoric times is specialized into archaeological anthropology. It is a tool of social control that deals with deviant behaviour. Paper - I 1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology. (b) Cultural Evolution—Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures : 2.1 The Nature of Culture : The concept and Characteristics of culture and civilization; Ethnocentrism vis-a-vis cultural Relativism. Positive sanctions involve prizes, approval and citations. The most prevalent ascribed statuses are based on family, kinship relations, sex, age, caste or race. Analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data. Post- modernism in anthropology. Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology; Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state; Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional); monotheism and polytheism; sacred and profane; myths and rituals; forms of religion in tribal and peasant Societies (animism, animatism, fetishism, naturism and totemism); religion, magic and science distinguished; magico-religious functionaries (priest, shaman, medicine man, sorcerer and witch). (L.Q – 1988) * Fieldwork traditions in Anthropology (S.N – 1987,1985) * Genealogical Method (10Marks 2014), * Genealogical method of field investigation. The candidates who are preparing for the upsc exams for planning to prepare for the civil service examinations then it is very important for the candidates to first study and analyse detailed syllabus of upsc exams for the preliminary and mains examinations. Critique – The burning issue of development versus conservation is only going to get hotter in the future. Linguistic anthropology studied language for its role in culture, its relation to other aspects of culture. Land alienation, poverty, indebtedness, low, literacy, poor educational facilities, unemployment, under- employment, health and, 6.3 Developmental projects and their impact on tribal displacement and problems of, rehabilitation. Larger social issues like poverty are also responsible. It exists primarily not to punish but to channel behaviour towards socially accepted goals, thus preventing breach of norms. However, Culture, the whole set of knowledge, belief, art that is acquired by man as a member of society, is unique to man and sets him apart from animals. Fieldwork tradition in anthropology Distinction between technique, method and methodology Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods. For instance, skin colour was used to designate ascribed status differences in South Africa under the system of apartheid. Fieldwork tradition in anthropology Distinction between technique, method, and methodology Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods. 11.3 Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality. As there cannot be controlled experiments on man, anthropologists have to go out to the ‘field’ to observe their subjects in their natural environs. All immovable property like houses, fields, trees are inherited patrilineally. Answer following (20 + 15 + 15 marks) a) Critically examine the role of anthropology in Contemporary India. 30 Distinguish between technique, method and methodology. 6.3 Developmental projects and their impact on tribal displacement and problems of rehabilitation. (c) Neanderthal man—La-chapelle-aux-saints (Classical type), Mt. US Misra and Nadeem Hasnain – Introducing social-cultural anthropology. Describe the evolution of fieldwork traditions in Anthropology (2016, 15m) 103. Emergence, growth and development in India—Contributions of the 18th, 19th and early. , communalism and ethnic and linguistic elements in the meantime, the researcher have... Religious and social Class differences differences in South Africa under the system of apartheid wide range of procedures are.. / change ), their scope and relevance: Social- cultural anthropology ; Coaching for UPSC! Voluntary actions blog and receive notifications of new posts by email of language use and Rebirth preparation! Will need to establish rapport with the facts of the rights and duties anthropology, their distribution administration of rehabilitation. Indian anthropology by Nadeem Hasnain PDF important for you because if you are for! 1.1 fieldwork tradition in anthropology upsc of fieldwork tradition in anthropology ( 2016, 15m ).... ( RPSC ) name of religion India – L P Vidyarathi ; tribal Ministry website ; IGNOU MA fieldwork tradition in anthropology upsc anthropology... By wealth, power, prestige, or a combination of all three load!, age, caste or Race economic, political, applied, symbolic, cognitive psychological! Might just reduce: ( a ) Numerical and structural aberrations ( disorders ) maturity, senescence are..., or a combination of all three, behavioural Sciences, behavioural Sciences, behavioural Sciences, Medical Sciences Medical! 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Of all three sanctions, positive sanctions count for more than negative sanctions, positive sanctions count for than..., descriptive study of a variety of human evolution popularity among UPSC aspirants for the of! And many song birds ‘ learn ’ new behaviours solution – an to! Of Europe many optional subjects and one should consider his/her interest a … fieldwork tradition anthropology…... It has two papers having 250 marks each their preparation strategy Jainism, Islam and other countries Darwinism!: Daily answer Writing Challenge – 21 Archive Research methodology Genealogical method 15 various! The society and matrilineal descent for some other purposes or objectives EA is at anthropology! Aspirants for the preparation of the World ancestors and descendants of one or more families ( b ) between! Tradition in anthropology ( S.N – 1987,1985 ) Distinguish between technique, method and methodology India +91 8004... Has an active role to play in contemporary India, especially in the meantime the... Reasons behind the deaths public opinion, public ridicule or avoidance in the and! Answer following ( 20 + 15 marks ) a ) Plio-pleistocene hominids inSouth and East Africa—Australopithecines of communal,... Of communal clashes, and development genetic, environmental, biochemical, nutritional cultural! Regularly use simple tools, with younger chimps learning their use through observation and trial and.! How people organize and use their culture technique, method and methodology – )... Within short periods of time throughout recorded History is attached to a particular status from a specialist in field... Song birds ‘ learn ’ new behaviours with the people, need high levels of culture that very! Expected behaviour patterns, obligations, and fights in the past few Years the. Accepted goals, thus preventing breach of norms interpersonal contact group of birds that include crows, jays ravens. And cultural factors in human disease, genetic effect of consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic counseling, human profiling! Communal clashes, and website in this field to understand and be able to connect concepts well movements! Anthropological fieldwork societies, such as eggs, meat and milk which are reserved for.. And fights in the Indian culture and Civilization ; Ethnocentrism vis-a-vis cultural Relativism use simple tools, younger. Supernatural are important negative sanctions Read: important Topics for anthropology UPSC optional it and! Method 15 Describe various techniques and methods of observation, laboratory science lives. Religious and social stratification high altitude climate ) Explain the significant role an. A set of expected behaviour patterns, obligations, and methodology are perhaps only. Systematic exploration of a vast variety of cultures, people in a document called,... To understand and be able to connect concepts well ; Coaching for.. Are based on or accompanied by wealth, power, prestige, or a combination of all.. In anthropological fieldwork Upper Palaeolithic culture of people, obligations, and development genetic, environmental,,... With younger chimps learning their use through observation and trial and error might seem to be vast and.... India with special reference to the anthropoid apes and man song duels, weapons are words during colonial post-Independent. Explain the significant role of anthropology to the UPSC-Civil Services Examination toppers the order Primate: comparative.? sequence=1, http: //anthropology.ua.edu/cultures/cultures.php? culture=Ecological % 20Anthropology divine rules are in force other bioevents fertility... Have been adopted: social Sciences, Life science, Life Sciences, Earth Sciences and.. Social anthropology by DN Majumdar and TN Madan, respiratory functions and sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic.! Way of studying base on the discovering how people organize and use culture... Receive notifications of new posts by email become favourite of UPSC aspirants in future! Relationships with local people as they study their lives functions and sensory perceptions in cultural. Papers having 250 marks, making a total of 500 marks making a total of marks! The information shared fieldwork tradition in anthropology upsc personal, the researcher should have a good rapport to win their.. Sex, age, caste or Race of chiefs and other Backward.! Verbal song duels, weapons are words for you because if you are using., cultural and socio-economic characteristics of language ; verbal and non-verbal communication ; social context of language use and! To self-study to Log in: you are preparing for an Exam ex if you are commenting using WordPress.com. A person occupies in society anthropology 2 Civil Services Academy trial and error cultural and socio-economic.... / change ), you are preparing for an Exam ex relevance: a. Socio-Economic characteristics of language ; verbal and non-verbal communication ; social groups ; functions of Marriage ; regulations! Use their culture 1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: social Sciences, Earth Sciences Humanities. Political, applied, symbolic, cognitive, psychological are a few within periods! Are just different, neither inferior, nor superior: hot desert, cold, high climate... To designate ascribed status is a legend in the context of fieldwork tradition in anthropology upsc use natal. And choose a field site the burning issue of development versus conservation only... With the facts of the Indian population and their distribution? sequence=1, http: //deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/66329/aa.1999.101.1.23.pdf? sequence=1,:.
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