In the lower Peninsula, Collis and other Huntington family members and their Old Dominion Land Company were involved in many aspects of life and business, and schools, museums, libraries and parks are among their many contributions. [17], he was vindictive, sometimes untruthful, interested in comparatively few things outside of business, and disposed to resist the idea that his railroad enterprises were to any degree burdened with public obligations. Archer Huntington's Origins. Collis P. Huntington, in full Collis Potter Huntington, (born Oct. 22, 1821, Harwinton, Conn., U.S.—died Aug. 13, 1900, Raquette Lake, N.Y.), American railroad magnate who promoted the Central Pacific Railroad’s extension across the West, making possible the first transcontinental railroad in 1869. In 1849, he was one of the ‘49ers who proceeded to the west coast in what was called the California Gold Rush. [7][8] On May 10, 1869, at Promontory, the tracks of the Central Pacific Railroad joined with the tracks of the Union Pacific Railroad, and America had a transcontinental railroad. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [citation needed]. Building the first U.S. transcontinental railroad, Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, new cities and a shipyard, Ralph N. Traxler Jr, "Collis P. Huntington and the Texas and Pacific Railroad Land Grant. In a manner he had previously deployed, notably with the transcontinental railroad, and the line to the Ohio River, work began at both Newport News and Richmond. Collis was also uncle to another California railroad magnate, Henry E. Huntington, founder of the Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens in San Marino, California and the main force behind the Pacific Electric system in Los Angeles, California. Collis Potter Huntington (October 22, 1821 – August 13, 1900)[2] was an American industrialist. He and other family members also continued and expanded many of his cultural and philanthropic projects. After Collis' death in 1900, his nephew, Henry E. Huntington, assumed leadership of many of his industrial endeavors. Wife of railroad tycoon Henry Huntington. Collis Potter Huntington is a well known Entrepreneur. [23] In the AMC series Hell on Wheels he is played by actor Tim Guinee. Corrections? Louis Vuitton. His main duties were selling company stocks and bonds and acting as the chief lobbyist in Washington, where his two main challenges were to block federal support for a proposed rival transcontinental route, the Texas and Pacific Railway (in which he succeeded) and to postpone payment of the $28 million in cash loans the government had made to the Central Pacific (in which he did not). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Through the new railroad and his land company, coal piers were established at Newport News Point. Collis P. Huntington, in full Collis Potter Huntington, (born Oct. 22, 1821, Harwinton, Conn., U.S.—died Aug. 13, 1900, Raquette Lake, N.Y.), American railroad magnate who promoted the Central Pacific Railroad’s extension across the West, making possible the first transcontinental railroad in 1869. Huntington settled in Los Angeles, where he owned the Pacific Electric Railway as well as substantial real estate interests. Born October 22, 1821 Harwinton, Connecticut, U.S. Died August 13, 1900 (aged 78) Long Lake, New York, U.S. "Huntington, Collis Potter"; This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 00:31. Rhoda Huntington, born 13 October 1814; married 10 May 1834, Riley Dunbar of Wolcottville. TO CALL THE unschooled Collis Huntington self-made is an understatement. This is the best biography you will find on Huntington "Huntington, Collis Potter,". The yard's father was first a traveling peddler then a '49er and aggressive railroad tycoon. Collis Potter Huntington Fans Also Viewed . Near the tracks of the C&O's Hampton Branch was a normal school dedicated primarily in its earliest years to training teachers to provide educational opportunities for the South's African-Americans who were mostly illiterate newly freed former slaves. It was later to become quite clear that he never forgot the untapped potential of the location he observed where the James River emptied into the large … Huntington’s schooling, limited to four months a year, ended when he was thirteen. They made their home at Draycot House, Draycot Cerne, Wiltshire, England.[20]. "The Contract and Finance Company and the Central Pacific Railroad. He first asked to delay payments for fifty years, then for a hundred years. It was later to become quite clear that he never forgot the untapped potential of the location he observed where the James River emptied into the large harbor of Hampton Roads. Huntington negotiated with Grenville Dodge in Washington, D.C. Collis P. Huntington was born in October, 1821 in Hartwin Township, Connecticut whose family owned a small farm. Beginning in 1871, he oversaw completion of the newly formed Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) from Richmond across Virginia and West Virginia to reach the Ohio River. During the actual construction (1863–69) of the Central Pacific Railroad, Huntington lobbied for the company in the east, working to secure financing and favourable legislation from Congress and the federal government. Most Popular #141858. Collis P. Huntington was born on Oct. 22, 1821, at Harwinton, Conn. His early … Born in Connecticut. It looks like we don't have any Biography for Collis Huntington yet. Collis also did not neglect his namesake city at the other end of the C&O. He was born near Hartford, Connecticut, in 1821, the sixth of nine children in a humble household. The Big Four had built a powerful political machine, that he had a large role in running. Collis Huntington was also the adopted father of renowned hispanist Archer M. Huntington, son of Collis P. Huntington's second wife Arabella Worsham Huntington, by her first husband. In 1865 the Big Four formed the Southern Pacific Railroad, which constructed rail lines down southern California and across the Southwest to New Orleans, again with Huntington serving as chief political and financial lobbyist. He was born Collis Potter Huntington, the son of a poor farmer, on April 16, 1821, in Harwinton, Connecticut. Collis Potter Huntington Is A Member Of . He was also related to Clarence Huntington, who was a president of the Virginian Railway, succeeding Urban H. Broughton, son-in-law of the VGN's founder, industrialist Henry Huttleston Rogers. As he grew into his early teens, he did farm chores and odd jobs for neighbors, too, and he began to save some of his earnings. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Central Pacific Railroad, American railroad company founded in 1861 by a group of California merchants known later as the “Big Four” (Collis P. Huntington, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker); they are best remembered for having built part of the first American transcontinental rail… railroad executive Born: 10/22/1821 Birthplace: Harwinton, Conn. Like his future partner, Mark Hopkins, Huntington moved his mercantile … He remarried on July 12, 1884, Arabella D. Worsham. West Virginia coal still rides the rails to be loaded aboard colliers at Hampton Roads, where nearby, Huntington Ingalls Industries operates the massive shipyard. Collis Huntington was born in Harwinton, Connecticut in 1821 and became an itinerant peddler, primarily throughout the South. ", Stuart Daggett, "Huntington, Collis Potter,", Hand of Fate. She was a niece of the first Mrs. C. P. Huntington, and was adopted by Mr. and Mrs. Huntington. Just click the "Edit page" button at the bottom of the page or learn more in the Biography submission guide. Be­gin­ning in 1865, he was also in­volved in the es­tab­lish­ment of the South­ern Pa­cific Rail­road with the Big Four prin­ci­pals of the Cen­tral Pa­cific Rail­road. Collis Potter Huntington 1821 - 1900. Beginning in December 1880, he led the building of the C&O's Peninsula Subdivision which extended from the Church Hill Tunnel in Richmond east down the Virginia Peninsula through Williamsburg to the southeastern end of the Peninsula on the harbor of Hampton Roads in Warwick County, Virginia. In his early teens, he did farm chores and odd jobs for neighbors, saving his earnings. Beginning in 1865, Huntington had been acquiring land in Virginia's eastern Tidewater region, an area not served by extant railroads. His parents always struggled to make ends meet and with the local community concluding that the eight children were not being well cared for financially Huntington and his brother Solon went to live with a neighbor. Tugboat Huntington – retired 1994, now a floating exhibit and classroom at the, Collis Avenue, a residential street that starts at Huntington Drive in the El Sereno district of the City of, Carman, Harry J., and Charles H. Mueller. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. ", Daggett, Stuart. Biography. Huntington is largely credited with vision and the combination of developments which created and built a vibrant and progressive community. Collis was born in 1821. In addition to being a businessman and art collector, Huntington was a major booster for Los Angeles in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Collis P. Huntington was born on Oct. 22, 1821, at Harwinton, Conn. His early … Stanford remained president, first of the Central Pacific and then of the Southern Pacific Company until 1890. There he became a partner with Mark Hopkins in a successful wholesale-retail firm that specialized in miners’ supplies. Collis Potter Huntington was born in Connecticut on October 22, 1821.He began working as a travelling salesman at age 16 and co-founded a general store with his brother in 1842. In the late 1850s he became interested in a plan to link California with the eastern United States by rail, and he joined Hopkins, Leland Stanford, and Charles Crocker (a group later known as the Big Four) in their joint incorporation of the Central Pacific Railroad in 1861, which was soon designated as the western part of the projected transcontinental railroad. [16], Huntington described his activities in a series of private letters to David D. Colton, a senior financial official of his railroads. One of … Officials of the Virginia Central, led by company president Williams Carter Wickham, realized that they would have to get capital to rebuild from outside the economically devastated South, and attempted to attract British interests, without success. In 1880, he formed the Old Dominion Land Company and turned these holdings over to it. The "Outlander" star brings his character into the most dangerous situation yet: the world of online dating.Watch the video [1] Huntington succeeded in his California business, and it was here that he teamed up with Mark Hopkins selling miners' supplies and other hardware. He died at his Camp Pine Knot, in the Adirondacks, August 13, 1900. However he quickly sold off all of the Southern Pacific holdings. The children of William Huntington and Elizabeth Vincent were, Collis Huntington was the adopted father of Clara Elizabeth Prentice, born in Sacramento, in 1860. The Mausoleum of Henry Huntington and his wife Arabella is considered to be the model for the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C. John Russell Pope designed the Mausoleum before he won the commission that made him famous. Collis Potter Huntington was born in Harwinton, Connecticut, on October 22, 1821. At the formerly sleepy little farming community of Newport News Point, he set about other developments locally there, notably building the landmark Hotel Warwick and founding the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, which became the largest privately owned shipyard in the United States. Phebe/Phoebe Huntington, born 17 September 1817; married 4 October 1840, Henry Pardee of, Elizabeth Huntington, born 19 December 1819; married 5 April 1842, Hiram Yaker of. Archer, himself, maintained that Collis was his biological father. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. After his death, both his nephew Henry E. Huntington and his stepson Archer M. Huntington continued his work at Newport News, and all three are considered founding fathers in the community, with local features named in honor of each. The railroad's first locomotive C. P. Huntington, (transferred from the Central Pacific Railroad), was named in his honor. The crews at each end worked toward each other. After Colton's death, litigation opened his files in 1883 and Huntington's letters proved a huge embarrassment, with their detailed descriptions of lobbying, payoffs, and bribes to government officials. They completed their agreement in April 1869, deciding to meet at Promontory Summit, Utah. His was the mind to conceive, and his the profound abilities and tireless energy to execute, the stupendous project of a great trans-continental railroad to connect the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. [15] Huntington lost the battle in Congress in 1899 and the Southern Pacific finally paid off the loans in 1909. During the first half of the 20th century, excursion trains were operated to reach nearby Buckroe Beach, where an amusement park was among the attractions that brought church groups and vacationers. He was referred to in Black Beetles in Amber by Ambrose Bierce as "Happy Hunty". Collis Huntington was born in Harwinton, Connecticut in 1821 and became an itinerant peddler, primarily throughout the South. In order to supply freight cars to the C&O, and by extension to the Southern Pacific and Central Pacific Railroads as well, Huntington was a major financier behind Ensign Manufacturing Company, basing the company in Huntington, West Virginia, directly connecting to the C&O; Ensign was incorporated on November 1, 1872.[11][12]. Railroad, mode of land transportation in which flange-wheeled vehicles move over two parallel steel rails, or tracks, either by self-propulsion or by the propulsion of a locomotive. He also extended the lines of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, which he had bought in 1869, to link with the Southern Pacific, forming a 4,000-mile (6,440-kilometre) continuous track from San Francisco to Newport News, Va. Huntington became president of the Southern Pacific–Central Pacific rail system in 1890 and thus controlled a vast empire of rail lines and agricultural landholdings in California until his death. No sooner had the tracks to the new coal pier at Newport News been completed in late 1881 than the same construction crews were put to work on what would later be called the Peninsula Subdivision's Hampton Branch, which ran easterly about 10 miles into Elizabeth City County toward Hampton and Old Point Comfort, where the U.S. Army base at Fort Monroe was situated to guard the entrance to the harbor of Hampton Roads from the Chesapeake Bay (and the Atlantic Ocean). The new railroad facilities adjacent to the river there resulted in expansion of the former small town of Guyandotte, West Virginia into part of a new city which was named Huntington in his honor. The school which grew to become modern-day Hampton University was led by former Union General Samuel Chapman Armstrong. 19th Century American businessman and railroad magnate, best known as a founding partner of the Central Pacific Railroad. He stopped going to school at 13 and became an apprentice to a neighboring farmer. The letters did not demonstrate that any cash actually changed hands with any official, but they revealed the tenor of Huntington's morals. Collis Huntington was the son of William and Elizabeth (Vincent) Huntington; born October 22, 1821, in Harwinton, Connecticut; he married, first, on September 16, 1844, Elizabeth Stillman Stoddard, of Cornwall, Connecticut. There is, on the other hand, no question with respect to his indomitable energy, his shrewdness in negotiation, his independence of thought and raciness of expression, and his grasp of large business problems. He left most of his collection, valued at $3 million, to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, to pass into the museum's hands after the death of his stepson, Archer. As of 2018 Collis Huntington is years old. Updates? They showed Huntington to be an active, profane, and cynical promoter of his companies and display his eagerness to use money to bribe congressmen. Of the four, he had a reputation for being the most ruthless in pursuing the railroad's business and the ouster of his partner, Stanford.[6]. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Collis-P-Huntington, Social Networks and Archival Context - Biography of Collis Potter Huntington, NETSTATE - Biography of Collis Potter Huntington, ConnecticutHistory.org - Collis P. Huntington: The Boy from Poverty Hollow, Collis P. Huntington - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Huntington, from his base in Washington, was a lobbyist for the Central Pacific and the Southern Pacific in the 1870s and 1880s. He also is credited with the development of Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, as well as the incorporation of Newport News, Virginia as a new independent city. His last will directed that if his stepson should die childless (which he did), Huntington's Fifth Avenue mansion or the proceeds from the sale of the property would go to Yale University. With rail lines from New Orleans to the Southwest and into California, Southern Pacific grew to more than 9,000 miles of track. Finally, Major Wickham succeeded in getting Collis Huntington interested helping to complete the line. Entrepreneur Born in Connecticut #24. [1], When he saw opportunity blooming in America's West, he set out for California, and established himself as a merchant in Sacramento at the start of the California Gold Rush. Entrepreneurs. He was one of the Big Four of western railroading (along with Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker) who invested in Theodore Judah's idea to build the Central Pacific Railroad as part of the first U.S. transcontinental railroad. Collis Potter Huntington (1821-1900), American railroad builder, was a promoter and manager of the Central Pacific Railway and was prominent later in the Southern Pacific Company. Be the first to contribute! HUNTINGTON, COLLIS POTTER, has been associated with some of the most gigantic corporation enterprises which the nineteenth century has witnessed. Biography. He is interred in a Classical-style mausoleum at the Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, New York. Born into a poor family, Huntington worked as an itinerant peddler and became a prosperous merchant in Oneonta, N.Y., before moving to Sacramento, Calif., in the gold rush year of 1849. Huntington then helped lead and develop other major interstate lines such as the Southern Pacific Railroad and the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway (C&O), which he was recruited to help complete. Collis P. Huntington was born in a home in Harwinton's Poverty Hollow on October 22, 1821. Much of the railroad and industrial development Collis P. Huntington envisioned and led are still important activities in the early 21st century. Collis Potter Huntington (1821-1900), American railroad builder, was a promoter and manager of the Central Pacific Railway and was prominent later in the Southern Pacific Company. He became active in developing the emerging southern West Virginia bituminous coal business for the C&O. Henry Edwards Huntington (February 27, 1850 – May 23, 1927) was an American railroad magnate and collector of art and rare books. Entrepreneur. The 15 years of rapid growth and development led to the incorporation of Newport News, Virginia as a new independent city in 1896, one of only 2 in Virginia to have ever been so formed without developing first as an incorporated town. Huddleston, Eugene L. . Philanthropist, Art Collector. Following the American Civil War, efforts were renewed to fulfill a long-held desire of Virginians for a canal or railroad link between Richmond and the Ohio River Valley. Collis Potter Huntington was the son of a poor farmer. Collis P. Huntington. At age 16, he began traveling as a peddler. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. With rail lines from New Or­leans to the South­west and into Cal­i­for­nia, South­ern Pa­c… His family had little money, and he grew up helping out on his father's farm. Complete Collis Potter Huntington 2017 Biography. Omissions? Huntington, Collis Potter (22 October 1821–13 August 1900), railroad builder and financier, was born at Harwinton, Connecticut, the son of William Huntington, a farmer and small manufacturer, and Elizabeth Vincent. His family farmed and he grew up helping. With considerable financial assistance from the Virginia Board of Public Works, the Virginia Central Railroad and a state-owned link through the Blue Ridge Mountains had been completed along this route as far as the upper reaches of the Shenandoah Valley when the War interrupted progress. Only 3 days after the last spike ceremony, on October 19, the first passenger train from Newport News took local residents and national officials to the Cornwallis Surrender Centennial Celebration at Yorktown on temporary tracks which were laid from the main line at the new Lee Hall Depot to Yorktown. The rail­road's first lo­co­mo­tive, C. P. Hunt­ing­ton, was named in his honor. This site was later a key piece of the Abby and John D. Rockefeller Jr.'s massive Restoration of the former colonial capital city which became Colonial Williamsburg, one of the world's major tourist attractions. There, with his brother-in-law D.W. Emmons, he established the planned city of Huntington, West Virginia. 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