A profusion of upright fragrant white flower spikes is the star of summer. The flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies, and the resulting dark brown seed capsules will attract birds during the autumn. The fragrant, dense, upright, white flower candles, up to 6 inches in length, last up to 6 weeks beginning mid-summer. Always use sterile pruning shears when cutting the bush to avoid spreading plant diseases. The suckers increase the width and mass of the bush as they grow and mature. If … In summer, it develops fragrant flowers that attract bees and butterflies. Sixteen Candles Summersweet is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with a more or less rounded form. Sweet pepperbush flowers in the summer on the current year’s growth. Maine Gardener: Clethra: Fragrant and so … not hydrangea. Agree with all Lycopus' points, and that generally you are experiencing what young Clethra alnifolia act like. Some pruning should be carried out regardless of the time of year. Effective as a hedge. Prune if needed in late winter. Provide moist, humus-rich, slightly acidic, well-drained soil; avoid hot, dry sites. Pruning should be done in early spring before leafing out. Soils should not be allowed to dry out. In summer, ‘Sixteen Candles’ is topped with aromatic, erect, butterfly-enticing white blooms for 4 to 6 weeks. We're also offering home delivery out of our Yarmouth store. Clethra alnifolia, commonly called summersweet, is a deciduous shrub that is native to swampy woodlands, wet marshes, stream banks and seashores, often in sandy soils, along the coast from Maine to Florida and west to Texas. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. The spicy-sweet fragrance of "Hummingbird" summersweet (Clethra alnifolia "Hummingbird"), or sweet pepperbush, will … Cut suckers back to the ground if you don’t want the plant to spread; leave the suckers to grow if you want bushier growth. Just remember that Clethra is not a plant for droughty soils. Clethra 'Sixteen Candles' This is a selection from seedlings of ‘Hummingbird’. ); Sugartina – height 28-30 inches (71-76 cm. Summersweet is a versatile shrub that thrives in most climates and is suitable as a specimen plant or a hedge. Waterside, Low Maintenance, Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders, Wildlife, Woodland. This creates new growth and flower development. Summersweet ‘Sixteen Candles’ * Common name: Summersweet ‘Sixteen Candles’ * Botanical name: Clethra alnifolia ‘Sixteen Candles’ * What it is: A native flowering shrub that produces upright, candle-like, 6-inch-long white flower spires in July and August. Tolerate: Heavy Shade, Erosion, Clay Soil, Wet Soil. Mature stems have scaly, dark gray to brown black bark. Summersweet is a versatile shrub that thrives in most climates and is suitable as a specimen plant or … Other common names common white alder 'Sixteen Candles' . USDA zones 5-9. It has a sturdy branching habit and does not droop over as 'Hummingbird' can. Compact size makes this an ideal flowering shrub for smaller gardens. For the best blooms, you should prune your summersweet shrub in the early spring and after the blooming season. Pruning is also a very important method for encouraging growth, filling out the shrub to make it look fuller, shaping the shrub, and produce larger flowers or fruit. Clethra alnifolia 'Sixteen Candles' Sixteen Candles Summersweet. ‘Sixteen Candles’ is not burdened with insect/disease problems and is reported to be deer resistant. A wide variety of butterflies and songbirds are attracted to summersweet ‘Sixteen Candles’ has the advantage of being a medium sized plant prized for very dark green foliage as well as all of the aforementioned features of a clethra. Clethra alnifolia 'Hummingbird'. Cut the branches close to the ground, down to healthy plant tissue. If cutting away dead or diseased branches, make sure you remove the clippings from around the plant. Origin • North America. There are others, like Sixteen Candles that tend to "make up" better as young plants. Spider mites may be a concern in dry conditions. Leaves are mid- to dark green, alternate, simple, and finely to coarsely toothed. The flowers are notable for their size, how late they bloom, and their ability to bloom even in the shade. Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Flowers are sweetly fragrant and attractive to bees and butterflies. Is it possible to prune it hard to make it grow with multiple stems? ); White Dove – height 2-3 feet (60-91cm. ); Tom’s Compact – height 2 … Soils should not be allowed to dry out. Browse our website and add plants and products to your shopping cart. ‘Sixteen Candles’ and ‘Hummingbird’ are compact shrubs with white flowers. Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Flowers are very attractive to butterflies and bees.Genus name comes from the Greek klethra the name for alder of which the leaves resemble.Specific epithet means leaves like alder. Hummingbird was selected for its uniformity and compactness. Her articles have appeared in Entrepreneur and Your Home magazines. Suggested uses. Below are common types of dwarf summersweet that make perfect additions to the garden landscape: Hummingbird – height 30-40 inches (76-101 cm. Best in moist to wet soils, tolerant of soil pH, part shade to full sun. If you’re not sure whether a branch is dead, try clipping off the tip. Flowers form on new growth. Flowers on new wood, prune to control size in spring. How Far Back Can I Prune a 'Gro-Low' Sumac? Therefore pruning can be done in winter. Water deeply, regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system. It develops new growth easily at most pruning sites. Uses Foundation plantings; mixed borders; wildlife gardens; naturalizing. Agree with all Lycopus' points, and that generally you are experiencing what young Clethra alnifolia act like. Sweet pepperbush tolerates heavy pruning. Prune these branches back to the main stem with one clean cut. The first method of pruning is to remove 1/3 of the shrub each spring to eliminate the oldest branches as it is the newer stems that display the best flowers. Plant height varies greatly depending upon the cultivar. Drue Tibbits is a writer based in Central Florida, where she attended Florida Southern College. To deadhead your clethra shrub's flowers, use your pruning shears to trim the stem back to 1/4 to 1/8 of an inch … Flowers give way to dark brown seed capsules (1/8" diameter) which may persist into winter. ‘Rosea,’ ‘Pink Spires’ and ‘Ruby Spice’ are three pink-flowered cultivars. ‘Ruby Spice’ is the darkest pink color, which holds even in the coastal plains. Deadhead dead and fading clethra flowers. Prune broken, dead or diseased branches as soon as they appear. Prefers part shade and consistently moist, acidic, sandy soils. North Carolina State University: Clethra Alnifolia, Arizona Cooperative Extension: Pruning Shrubs. Clethra are suitable for a woodland garden or mixed border.. Noteworthy … ); Crystaltina – height 2-3 feet (60-91cm. Summer sweet (sweet pepper bush) is a popular shrub in our country again. ‘Sherry Sue’ sports white flowers and bright red stems. Cut back dead twig ends to healthy plant tissue. Sixteen Candles Summersweet - Native, Fragrant, Hardy, and Flowering - In this video I plant a Clethra alnifolia 'Sixteen Candles' in my landscape. Pruning clethra 16 candles. When spent flowers are left on the shrub, it will direct its energy to producing seed. Summersweet Clethra is a native shrub to the eastern United States that produces white spiky fragrant blooms in the summer or early fall. The pure native would make a fine choice for your landscape, but there are reasons others have been made for the market place. Clethra are deciduous and evergreen shrubs and small trees grown for their fragrant white to yellow-white, cup-like flowers. Prune sweet pepperbush correctly to promote healthy foliage growth and ensure masses of flowers in the summer. I have two clethra 16 candles shrubs that I have had for about three years. Flower Size • 3" to 6" Growth Rate • Slow. Effective in mass or use as single specimen. If you are pruning to promote flower growth, cut several inches off the branches at the outer canopy. Slow to leaf out in spring. ‘Sixteen Candles’ summersweet is a newer cultivar of a popular native shrub. Prune in late winter or early spring before flower buds form. Just remember that Clethra is not a plant for droughty soils. Also appropriate for moist soils along stream banks or pond/water garden peripheries. Sixteen Candles Summersweet is a relatively low maintenance and hardy shrub with no significant disease or insect issues. The attractive glossy deep green foliage turns deep yellow in autumn. I have had a Ruby spice Clethra for several years and it doesn't flower very well or get very big-its maybe 3 1/2 feet tall. 'Sixteen Candles' is a new cultivar that is a dwarf, bushy selection. Tolerant of aerial salt spray. Depending on the cultivar, the delicate blossoms appear in white, pink or rose. … The leaves drop during the winter and expose the twiggy framework of the plant. Crossing, winter killed, badly formed or damaged branches should be removed back to a main branch, some shaping can be done as well. 'Sixteen Candles' is noted for its erect, candle-like flower spikes and compact size. It stands apart from the other Clethra Summersweets in that its blooms are especially compact and fragrant, attracting butterflies and hummingbirds. The attractive glossy deep green foliage turns deep yellow in autumn. USDA zones 5-9. Pruning can be rather important to the overall look of the plant. The flowers are notable for their size, how late they bloom, and their ability to bloom even in the shade. In fact, it tends to prefer shady, moist conditions. Bloom time in the Upstate of South Carolina is mid-July through early August. Clethra alnifolia 'Sixteen Candles' (Sweet pepper bush 'Sixteen Candles') will reach a height of 1.5m and a spread of 1.5m after 10-20 years. If the sweet pepperbush has become too bushy, or if you are pruning for shape, remove old or tall branches by cutting them close to the ground. Ideal for perennial borders or foundation beds. Tolerates full shade. As with most flowering shrubs, pruning may limit flower production or encourage plentiful flower development. Butterfly and bee nectar plant Grows well in wet areas. It does sucker some but is easy to manage in allotted space. ‘Pink Spire’ and ‘Ruby Spire’ have colorful flowers that also have a strong fragrance. Tolerates full shade. It has the same white flowers but doesn’t have the floppy characteristic, so branching is stronger and flower spikes stand upright like candles. I just planted a baby Clethra sixteen candles and also a Clethra Vanilla Spice and an Itea Little Henry. Clethra are deciduous and evergreen shrubs and small trees grown for their fragrant white to yellow-white, cup-like flowers. It also attracts hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. Ruby Spice (among 5 or more others) is the pink form that has performed the best here in central KY, not fading to white like the others. You can also prune to create new growth that will develop new flowers. Great For: Foundation plantings Dwarf Summersweet Varieties. The inflorescence, or flower cluster (botanically called a raceme), is white on the species, varies from 3 to 6 inches long, and is extremely fragrant. Cultivation. Serrate, obovate to oblong, glossy dark green leaves (to 3-4” long) turn variable but generally attractive shades of yellow to golden brown in fall. Tolerates clay soils. Tolerates clay soils. 'Sixteen Candles' Moderate growing, compact, dense and sturdy in habit, reaching up to 5 x 5 ( rarely over 3 ) feet. In fall, the leaves turn an attractive yellow. It does not require pruning, but pruning is useful to control the size of the bush, to keep it neat and to create a particular shape. It bears good-sized flower spikes about 6 inches long for 4 to 6 weeks in mid-summer. Clethra alnifolia 'Hummingbird' (Summersweet) is a pollinator shrub that produces a plethora of white flowers for several months in mid to late summer when little else is blooming. Like this one – This compact selection reaches 3 to 5 feet tall. Propagate by cuttings. Summersweets are somewhat unique among flowering shrubs because of their ability to bloom in shady locations in late summer when few other shrubs are in bloom. 'Sixteen Candles' is a new cultivar that is a dwarf, bushy selection. Hoping these new plants will do better than Ruby Spice. ‘Sixteen Candles’ and ‘Hummingbird’ are compact shrubs with white flowers. Thin out leggy growth by cutting the branches back to a juncture, a “Y” branch or a lateral side branch. Many nurseries prefer 'Sixteen Candles to 'Hummingbird' because of its neater, more … Leaves are mid- to dark green, alternate, simple, and finely to coarsely toothed. Rejuvenate older plants that have many dead or spindly branches by cutting back up to one-third of the plant. Family Clethraceae . Clethra alnifolia, commonly called summersweet, is a deciduous shrub that is native to swampy woodlands, wet marshes, stream banks and seashores, often in sandy soils, along the coast from Maine to Florida and west to Texas.It is a rounded, suckering, densely-branched, deciduous shrub that typically … We're also offering home delivery out of our Yarmouth store. It also is better behaved, staying in place rather than spreading under ground. Good flowering shrub for shade or woodland gardens. Pruning is a way to control the growth of your shrub. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Mike Kincaid 3,501,747 views This plant in general will need a minimal amount of pruning. Genus Clethra can be deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs, sometimes with attractive bark, with simple leaves and small, fragrant, usually white, bell-shaped flowers in racemes or panicles Details 'Sixteen Candles' is a compact, upright, deciduous shrub with glossy foliage turning yellow in autumn. It has a sturdy branching habit and does not droop over as 'Hummingbird' can. Clethra alnifolia 'Hummingbird'. Promptly remove root suckers unless naturalized look is desired. Fertilize before new growth begins in early spring. Clethra is a genus of over 60 species of shrubs and trees from swamps, woodland, and rocky areas of North America and Eastern Asia with oblong to ovate, toothed leaves and panicles or racemes of fragrant, cup- or … Genus Clethra can be deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs, sometimes with attractive bark, with simple leaves and small, fragrant, usually white, bell-shaped flowers in racemes or panicles Blooms on current season's growth; prune … She has also been profiled in the Florida Today newspaper and the Writer's Digest magazine. Autumn foliage is golden yellow. 'Sixteen Candles' has very fragrant white flowers that appear in mid-summer and attract butterflies and hummingbirds, along with other insects and birds. alisonmd. In addition to writing brochure copy for local businesses, she helps new start-up companies develop a local image presence. Grow in fertile, moist but well-drained, acid soil in … Golden yellow fall color ... Prune Time • After Blooming. The best time to prune is from late winter to early spring. Clethra Only a few of the small trees and shrubs in this genus are hardy, and those, including our East Coast native Clethra alnifolia , are amazingly adaptable, growing in moist conditions or dry. Summersweet is a medium-sized deciduous shrub that adds color and fragrance to your garden with its late-summer blooms. Clethra Summersweet – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. Carefully inspect your clethra shrub for damaged, diseased, broken or winter-killed branches. Sweet pepperbush spreads by growing suckers at its base. Prune if needed in late winter. ‘Sherry Sue’ sports white flowers and bright red stems. Sweet pepperbush grows into a shrubby mass. 11 years ago. It reaches 3 feet tall and 4 feet wide. * … Mass or group in lawns, foundations or shrub borders. It is a rounded, suckering, densely-branched, deciduous shrub that typically grows to 3-6’ (less frequently to 8’) tall and is noted for producing a mid to late summer bloom of sweetly fragrant white flowers which appear in narrow, upright panicles (racemes to 2-6" long). The flowers are produced on vertical flower spikes about 6 inches long that protrude Superior dense mounded habit with large blooms. ‘Rosea,’ ‘Pink Spires’ and ‘Ruby Spice’ are three pink-flowered cultivars. Clethra 'Ruby Spice' and Panicum 'Northwind' How to Grow Roses From Cuttings Fast and Easy | Rooting Rose Cuttings with a 2 Liter Soda Bottle - Duration: 28:23. This type of pruning opens up the interior of the plant and limits regrowth. (Evenly moist soil is required in the South). While the species can reach eight feet in height, cultivars such as ‘Hummingbird’, ‘Sixteen Candles’ and White Dove™ max out around three feet. ‘Sixteen Candles’ grows to a height of between 3 and 5 feet blooming in summer with white upright flowers. A compact and well formed selection with highly fragrant, pure white flowers that attract nectar feeders, 'Sugartina Crystalina' blooms in late July to August amid deep green, glossy foliage that turns golden in fall. Sixteen Candles Summersweet is adaptive to a variety of conditions and quite shade tolerant. Cut out any damaged or dead branches at ground level. There are others, like Sixteen Candles that tend to "make up" better as young plants. The summer’s flowers will have already wilted, and the new growth will have time to set flowers for the following summer. Stem with one clean cut and flowers well and woodier stems dying and becoming nonproductive bees and butterflies summersweet the. 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