It attracts grime, so wiping it down alleviates this. Step-By-Step. This is the front brake setup on a typical hybrid bike with V-Brakes. If the tire is in the back, you must remove the chain from the gear before moving on to the next step. CASSETTE: The set of cogs on the rear wheel. A second habit you should get into is checking your tire pressure before every ride. Find the release lever that releases the front wheel from the mountain bike. Basically it's the same quick release as on older bikes, but now when you open the quick release, you have to take the loose release and put it into the slot on the bearing in the centre of the rim where it fits. If you have a piece of cloth or glove, use it to protect your fingers to avoid cutting yourself on something unexpected. Grab your cartridge and inflator—the thing that attaches to activate the air—and you’re ready to go. Using your thumb, press the tire in off the rim a little, then insert the scoop-shaped end of the first lever in under the edge of the tire. Pro Tip If the bike cassette is to be re-used tie it up with string or a cable tie to keep all the cogs and spacers in the correct order. Pressing the QR lever closed will then clamp the wheel to your frame or fork. If you’re a lighter rider, you can go lower. It's a double safety feature. Was it a thorn, a piece of glass, a staple, or something else? PRO TIP: You’re going to get dirty. If you're heavier, err on the side of a higher pressure. Take a deep breath. Now ride off into the sunset like a total boss! If wet or muddy, drop the pressure so your tire has better contact with the ground for more control. In ideal conditions, it should not be black—unless it is actually [painted] black. And while some thru-axles have a lever on one end to help you unscrew them, others will require an Allen tool—another great reason to always carry a multi-tool. Choose the right oil for the conditions, and make sure that it’s a lube that’s specially formulated for bicycles. Ask at your local bike shop. See how that’s made a gap? Here’s a quick guide to when and how. Guide Your Wheel Back Into The Fork: If you have rim brakes, be careful not to dislodge calipers when you reinstall your wheel. Not to be dramatic, but a well-lubed chain is a happy chain. If you’re getting in the habit, remember to wipe the chain down while you’re at it: Before you lube it—to wipe the muck and grime off—and after you lube it—to remove excess lube. DERAILLEUR: The gear-shifting mechanism on a bicycle. Lower the wheel, guiding the wheel down through the brake pads and forward to clear the chain and derailleur. Flip Your Bike Over: Flipping your bike over to remove your wheels is ideal, unless you have a mechanic stand handy. Look for the Cause. Because a well-maintained chain lasts longer, makes shifting easier, and prevents rust and fatigue. ‘Do I have a quick-release or do I have a thru-axle?’ Get to know what these things are called so that you can ask those questions, Google them, or be able to call somebody and ask them how to do it while you're on the side of the road. Install the skewer, if removed. 1. Not sure what that is? THRU-AXLE: A thru-axle slots through the frame of the fork legs, which are closed (no dropouts). Once the wheel is removed, if you lay the bike on its side, be sure to rest it … For thru axles, open the lever into the open position and turn the lever counter-clockwise to unthread the axle and remove it from the hub. Just go until it feels right. Lift the Wheel Up and Out of the Fork: Make sure you do not dislodge your calipers if you have rim brakes and be careful with rotors if you have disc brakes. It's cool and it's practical to jump things on your bike. If your brake lever is accidently compressed, the ideal tool to separate the pads is a pad separator tool. Keep your stance while placing the … The easiest way to find out what kind of inflator does what is to ask at—you got it—your Local Bike Shop. If you can physically ride a bicycle, then you can change a flat—it takes waaaay less coordination. Im a bit stuck with my front wheel. All you have to do is pull the lever to the open position and loosen the nut on the other side. Before you re-inflate your tire, inspect it all the way around the wheel where the tire meets the rim on both sides. This system allows you to remove the wheel without the use of any tools BUT you do have to remove the axle from the hub to take your wheel off of your bike. Perform necessary maintenance. If your wheel does not spin, it could be crooked in the fork’s dropouts. When you are changing a flat tire on the side of the road or trail, allowing your bike to rest on the seat and handle bars will give you a more stable platform to work with. QUICK-RELEASE: Also known as QR. Despite the recent growth in popularity of disc-brake equipped bikes, it's fair to say that most urban riders in Chicago are using existing bikes with V-brakes, and may not know how to release the brakes to get the wheel out to change a flat or get the bike into a car. As Madeline says, it’s not just a matter of drowning it in chain oil from time to time, either. Whether you are taking your mountain bike for a ride on the local trails, packing your cruiser bike for a trip to the beach or bringing your road bike along for family vacation, you may find yourself needing to remove the front wheel to take your bike where you want to go. Replace the wheel and squeeze the brake lever a few times to reset the pads. Removing a wheel from your bike will make it easier to fit in the back of your car and some bike racks require the front wheel to be removed before you can strap your bike into the rack. Slide your screwdriver through the hub at an angle until the blade rests flat … Well, ain’t that a coincidence—we have a Worth It Will do that specifically challenges you to fix a flat in under six minutes to earn the Flat-Out Flat Fixer badge. That might make for a bumpy and uncomfortable ride. You know-how to fix a flat correctly, but what if time were no object? Holding the lever in place, tighten the nut on the opposite side and push the lever into the closed position. Check that the wheel is fully seated in the dropouts before reinstalling the axle. Knowledge is power, so don't be afraid to ask questions. She’s been fixing bikes since she was a little kid, and if there’s one thing Madeline wants everyone to know, it’s this: Anyone can do it. 1. 5. 2. Use your hand to back-pedal your bicycle as you hold onto the chain with the rag. Slide the bike cassette off the freehub. If your bike has toeclips … Time to get some New Kid Know-How under your belt and learn to fix a flat. Hold a clean cloth on the chain and run the chain backwards again, wiping off excess lube. This has to be opened in order to remove the wheel. Before we begin, if there’s a term you’re not familiar with, we’ve included a short list of definitions at the end of this article to fill you in. Easy peasy. Now, put it in the tire. But what should your pressure be? Ready? How much do you weigh? Look to see which side of the fork is threaded and push the axle in through the opposite side. If you leave the house with your tire pressure too low, you can easily get a pinch flat when you ride over a pothole or obstacle. If the trail is dry and in tip-top condition, go for the higher end of the recommended pressure. Is it squeaking like crazy? 1. Easy breezy. Press down arrow to hear additional options. The brake pads will move closer together and you will not be able to get the brake rotor back between the pads. Flats are easy—both to get and to fix—and while the video above breaks it down to the most basic of steps, let’s deep-dive into the steps to get you truly comfortable with the whole shebang. You also might not find anything and that’s ok—we’re not done yet. Madeline recommends that you get in the habit of lubing your chain regularly, not just when the sound of its sad screams finally catch your attention. Learn more about this challenge and get ready to cross that off your bucket list. That’s good. Screw in the axle and close the lever. Next to the frame itself, nothing has a bigger impact on your bike's performance than the wheels. And seriously, ask questions about your bike. Check with your local bike shop for what you’ll need. Take it away Madeline: Tire levers: Take two—it’ll make this a cinch.New Tube: Take it out of the box to fit in your jersey pocket or saddle bag.Air Source: If you’re on the road, a mini-pump and/or CO2 + inflator. Check out our video! An easy way to remember the difference? The fork or frame will have slots (dropouts) to slide the wheel in. If the bike is on a stand, the wheel should drop out without manipulating the bike. What if it was a front tire flat—no hassle of the chain—and you had CO2 at the ready and no shortage of “I will crush this” moxie? Flip your bike over: If you have cantilever or rim brakes, make sure your brake cable is reconnected or tightened properly. Ive got a trance X4, I upgraded the wheels/hubs 2 years ago with superstar hubs on mavic wheels, and I … Run your fingers around the inside of the tire to find any debris that may still be in the tire, like a thorn or a piece of glass. Release Your Brakes: If your bike has rim brakes or cantilever brakes, you will need to release the cable tension so you can remove your front wheel. When overhauling a hub, you should always replace the … Rim brakes apply a brake pad to the rim of the wheel, while disc brakes apply the brake pad to a rotor that’s attached to the center of your wheel. Here's how. Flip your bike back over, loosen your axle, push down on the wheel and tighten the axle again. 4. Does your chain feel "crunchy" when you ride? I brought the bike back yesterday to check it out and when I took back the bike today, everything seemed perfect. Now reinstall the axle. Get to know your bike. Think about the conditions you’re riding in. Now, push the lever down in a lever motion and hook the other end of the lever—the U-shaped end—to a spoke in the wheel. If you’re at home, use a floor pump for ease of use.Determination: You got this! For rear wheels, pull back on the rear derailleur to allow the cogs to clear the chain. For a quick-release, simply flip the lever open, loosen it a little, and pop the wheel out. And when you get home, you can always use a patch kit to patch the hole and then use it again. 1. Place the front wheel of the bicycle between your legs and attempt to twist the handlebar/stem assembly. Note: You don’t have to put all the air from the CO2 in there. Now leave it for a little bit—really let that lube soak in. There are a couple of inflator types. Make sure the quick release axle is on the non-drive side of the bike, matching the wheel. These axles also have a camming lever on one side of the hollow rod, while the other side is threaded into the fork. Helpful Tip: If you have hydraulic disc brakes do not squeeze the front brake after you have removed your front wheel. It’s time to make it happy again. When removing the front wheel, the first step is to disconnect your brake. Using two tire levers, we’re now going to take one side of the tire off the rim. The rear wheel will stay on the ground as the bike comes up. A quick release axle has a 5mm rod with a camming lever on one side and a nut on the other and its function is to allow you to remove the wheel of your bicycle without the use of a tool. Believe it or not, you can actually blow into the tube to get a bit of air in it. The quick-release lever allows you to remove the wheel from your bike when fixing a flat. If you have a bike rack on top of your car that requires you to remove your front wheel, make sure you have the correct adapter for your bike’s axle! This can be done while riding, or when off the bicycle, by lifting the rear wheel with one hand and shifting gears while spinning the pedals with a hand, or foot. If possible, begin by mounting your bike in a repair stand. 3. 95% on is still not on, so if you can't get it, carefully use the lever.”. If you have a thru axle, line up your hub with the holes at the bottom of your fork. “It’s like picking out someone else’s socks for them,” says Madeline. If it’s a front wheel, you will also need to unthread the quick release nut on the opposite side from the lever. The first sign that something’s amiss is almost always some form of caterwauling coming from the chain. It is possible to damage the pads if you use too much force. Once the rear wheel is removed, change the tube or tire, swap in a new wheel, etc. If you keep the inflator head on, you can still get some more air out of it later. For this job you’ll need some rags, waterproof grease, and a 17mm open-end wrench.You’ll also need a 13mm cone wrench for a front hub, and a 15mm cone wrench for a rear hub. Well, that’s a hot issue, and it's very much a personal choice. Pivot rear derailleur back to clear wheel and cogs from frame If you cannot easily disconnect the cable you can always let some air out of the tire until it clears your brake pads. If you have a bike rack on top of your car that requires you to remove your front wheel, make sure you have the correct adapter for your bike’s axle! Having a pump with a gauge is something I think everyone should have [at home].”. Remove the old bearings. For one type, fully screw the CO2 into the cartridge, put the valve end on your tube, then gently unscrew the CO2—back it off—a tiny bit, and the tire will air up. Using your eagle eyes, inspect the tire surface and look for what may have caused your flat. You will also need to know how to remove a wheel if you get a flat tire. Hold the front bicycle wheel with one hand, and lift the bike with the other. This will actually help you tuck it inside the tire. Insert the valve first and then work your way around and tuck the tube all the way in. And instead of backing the cartridge off, activate the trigger and the tire will air up. 3. Spin your wheel: By spinning your wheel, you will make sure your brake pads are not rubbing the rim or the rotor. Remove the Wheel. Remove one side of the tire. They’ll be stoked to help. Holding the lever still, loosen the bolt on the other side of the axle, but DO NOT remove the bolt completely. Some bike hubs (particularly mountain bikes) require larger axles (12mm, 15mm or 20mm), which are called thru axles. There's actually a thing as too much lube. First, pump a small amount of air into your tube—just enough to give it a little shape. With your bike flipped over, stand behind the back wheel and look at the rear derailleur pulley cage—where your chain winds through two little pulleys. Move the bicycle rearward and upward while holding the wheel steady if the wheel doesn't drop straight out. We asked Madeline—should we use our tire lever to get the last little bit back on if we can’t manage it by hand? First, let out the rest of the air from your tube to make this step easier. Turn the lever clockwise to thread the axle into the fork. PRO TIP: If you’re going to lay your bike on its side while you fix that flat, lay it down with the chain-side facing the sky. Take the wheel off your bike and let any remaining air out of the tube. Hmm, did you get a rear flat? “It’s the easiest way for you to get it stable,” she says. Grab the tube inside the tire and pull it all the way out. Now pull the cage towards yourself, and then use your other hand to pull the wheel up and out. You “press” a Presta to release the air. A quick release axle also allows you to remove the wheel without removing the axle. If the bicycle has derailleur(s), when removing the rear wheel it is important to first shift to the smallest chainrings at the back and at the front. 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