The transcontinental railroad had long been a dream for people living in the American West. The transcontinental railroad which was finished in 1869 has affected many people whether it is positively or negatively. Chinese workers were first brought to railroad work to send a message to Irish workers that they were expendable. The Great Railroad Revolution: The History of Trains in America, by Christian Womar. ... Union Pacific workers at first drew from Omaha's large population of Irish immigrants. Completing the transcontinental railroad had immediate impacts. . One year after the railroad was finished, the 1870 U.S. Census shows Salt Lake City experienced a 56% jump in population. Chinese immigrants did … The Backs that Built the Railroad. This digital collection of historical materials from Harvard's libraries, archives, and museums documents voluntary immigration to the United States from the signing of … A Native American man looking at the Central Pacific Railroad, about 1869. Impact. This was due to a shortage of labor because of the gold rush, which eliminated a lot of the labor. Impact of the Transcontinental Railroad. Transcontinental Railroad impacted the settlement of the West. A transcontinental railroad or transcontinental railway is contiguous railroad trackage that crosses a continental land mass and has terminals at different oceans or continental borders. From Stage to Rail: Comparing Travel Before and After the Transcontinental Railroad Good flowed back and forth across the country more easily, as did mail and people. Courtesy of Library of Congress. They four thousand laborers were at work—one-tenth Irish, the rest Chinese. Transcontinental Railroad summary: The First Transcontinental Railroad was built crossing the western half of America and it was pieced together between 1863 and 1869. The Transcontinental Railroad was significant because it substantially reduced the … Yet work from the Chinese gave the Central Pacific great returns on the meager $30 a month it paid each laborer and thus they eventually comprised 80 percent of the workers on the line. The Linda Hall Library Transcontinental Railroad website was created with generous support from the BNSF (Burlington Northern Santa Fe) Foundation. Work on the first transcontinental railroad began after President Abraham Lincoln approved the Pacific Railway Act of 1862, a landmark law that authorized the federal government to financially back the construction of a transcontinental railroad. impact of transcontinental railroad. Constructed between 1863 and 1869, the Transcontinental Railroad was at the time the largest and most expensive infrastructure project undertaken by the country—and its impact was enormous. The Irish made up the most of the railroad workers. After the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad, indigenous populations continued to have different relationships to the railroads. The formerly isolated West could now be reached by train. The Transcontinental Railroad helped westward expansion because of many reasons people were able to travel to places much faster than walking which could cause death from disease, Native Americans, Wild animals, or even being run over by their wagon. On April 28, 1869, over 4000 Central Pacific railroad workers (mostly Chinese with Irish foreman) ... After the completion of the railroad in 1869, its impact on immigration was clear. Most of the work force in the union pacific was made up of Irish immigrants. On May 10, 1869, the rails were finally joined in Promontory at the “Golden Spike” ceremony. Flashcards. Many people had lost their lives while constructing the railroad because it was extremely dangerous work. Here are some of the ways that the first transcontinental railroad—and the many other transcontinental lines that followed it—changed America. A short term impact of the Transcontinenta l Railroad was its affect on bison. c) completion of Transcontinental Railroad With the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad, American living, travel, communication, and business patterns changed greatly. The site offers visitors a brief history of the building of the transcontinental railroad as well as information on the history and technology of 19th century railroads. Cons Of The Transcontinental Railroad: Although there were many pros to constructing the Transcontinental Railroad, there were some cons that some people didn't realize. railroad to migrate west and to form new immigrant settlements in western states and territories. Once the railroad was done, settlers in America could shorten a travel time of 6 weeks to 6 days. The site offers visitors a brief history of the building of the transcontinental railroad as well as information on the history and technology of 19th century railroads. A golden spike was driven as the symbolic last spike of the railroad. The Railroad Boom ... New jobs –Irish/Chinese Westward Expansion –Safer/Quicker/Cheaper Labor on the Transcontinental Railroad The majority of the Union Pacific track heading westward was built by Irish laborers, by Mormons who constructed much of the track in Utah, and after the war by veterans of the Union and Confederate armies. Spell. To the Irish, this was a blessing. Hell on Wheels: Wicked Towns along the Union Pacific Railroad, by Dick Kreck. The railroad is giving some jobs, taking away some people’s homes, and allowing more space for others. Before it was completed, it cost $1,000 to travel between California and New York, and it could take as long as six months to sail around Cape Horn in South America. The Irish originally went to America for job opportunities, and as an escape from the Great Potato Famine. A Nation United. The Transcontinental Railroad was completed when the final "Golden Spike" was driven into the rail bed on May 10, 1869. Facts, information and articles about Transcontinental Railroad, an event of Westward Expansion from the Wild West. The Impact Of The Transcontinental Railroad 766 Words | 4 Pages. This railroad helped push the idea of westward expansion and improved the way settlers lived. Historical Marker Text: To the Irish who toiled on the Transcontinental Railroad uniting our nation. what were the impacts of the transcontinental railroad on the american economy_, There were many immediate and long term impacts of the construction and use of the Transcontinental Railroad. The construction of Transcontinental Railroad greatly impacted America, and it was the beginning of a great advancement for the country. While there was a large network of railways built in the Eastern part of the country in the 1830s and. Barely twenty years later, with Native communities dispossessed of much of their ancestral lands, about 100,000 more miles of track marbled the nation. Mormon Workers and the Transcontinental Railroad. . The Irish immigrants had a huge effect on building the transcontinental railroad. The final spike, made of gold, was tapped in, and engines driven from east and west met on the tracks. In this photograph, a group of Native American people are attending a last spike ceremony to complete the Northern Pacific Railroad, 1883. Write. Some workers died trying to blast through mountains of solid granite. Irish immigrants had a significant influence on the American railways in the Western United States. The Union Pacific Railroad went into Native American lands. If you went to the Irish camps, you would find them eating boiled beef and boiled beans and drinking boiled coffee. The transcontinental railroad, one monumental part of America's history. These people include settlers, Native Americans, and immigrants who mainly live in the central and western United States. Extended Research: In 1862 Congress passed the Pacific Railroad Act providing federal land and funding for the building of a transcontinental railroad from Omaha, Nebraska to Sacramento, California. Utah's ARMI: Agriculture, Railroad, Mining, Industrialization. Indigenous Encounters with the Transcontinental Railroad Indigenous Encounters Slides (ppt) Irish Workers on the Transcontinental Railroad. Below is a description of the construction of the railroad in 1867. They were one of the main forces that made the transcontinental railroad work. The Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad President, for example, reported after the Civil War on the railroad’s investment in slaves. Although the Transcontinental Railroad was visualized, planned out, and financed by well-known wealthy white men, it was in turn built by Irish and Chinese immigrants. From 1863 and 1869, roughly 15,000 Chinese workers helped build the transcontinental railroad. I asked Dr. Manu Karuka, American Studies scholar and author of Empire’s Tracks: Indigenous Nations, Chinese Workers, and the Transcontinental Railroad, about the impact of the railroad on Indigenous peoples and nations. Learn. The transcontinental railroad … Grade 8. Such networks can be via the tracks of either a single railroad or over those owned or controlled by multiple railway companies along a continuous route. Objective: Scholars will be able to describe the impact the transcontinental railroad had on westward expansion and its effects on the american economy. ... (what) a line connecting the atlantic and pacific coasts of the united states. The Impact of the Transcontinental Railroad. Some nations resisted, while others worked with the railroad. Impact of the Transcontinental Railroad There are few things in American history that had the impact of the Transcontinental Railroad. . Due to the Great Famine, the Irish came to America looking for work and the Americans thought of the Irish emigrant as a way of cheap labor and a way to increase the population in … Descendants of the Chinese railroad workers, who helped complete the first transcontinental railroad in 1869, were among the thousands gathered in Utah on Friday for the anniversary. Sources . made it possible for the railroad to be completed seven years ahead of schedule. The cars now (1867) run nearly to the summit of the Sierras. STUDY. Note the way it describes the scene, the laborers, and the effort. The Linda Hall Library Transcontinental Railroad website was created with generous support from the BNSF (Burlington Northern Santa Fe) Foundation. 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