Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) is an important grain, forage, and bioenergy crop grown throughout the world. For the principal modern crop species, see, "Sorgo" redirects here. The palea (also known as superior palea), often with two longitudinal ridges (keels or nerves), stands between the lemma and the rachilla. Native: indigenous. The development of the panicle, its floral struc- The characteristic strong flavour can be reduced by processing. Sorghum usually grows poorly on sandy soils, except where a heavy textured sub-soil is present. County documented: documented to exist in the county by evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Also covers those considered historical (not seen in 20 years The leaves are about 5 cm (2 inches) broad and 76 cm (2.5 feet) long. It is one of the largest among the angiospermic families. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Broom corn’s name comes from the fact that the stiff branches are indeed made into making brooms. The advantages of sorghum in the production of poultry: Sorghum can be used as an essential ingredient in poultry feed portion. Sorghum's versatility gives it the flexibility to reach beyond traditional marketplaces, further enhancing producer profitability. It is high in carbohydrates, with 10 percent protein and 3.4 percent fat, and contains calcium and small amounts of iron, vitamin B1, and niacin. 22 Page 600 高粱属 gao liang shu, "Ecogeographical distribution of wild, weedy and cultivated Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Kenya: implications for conservation and crop-to-wild gene flow", "Sorghum- and millet-legume cropping systems", "Flavonoids' presence in sorghum roots may lead to frost-resistant crop", "Move over, quinoa: sorghum is the new 'wonder grain, "Cyanide (prussic acid) and nitrate in sorghum crops Primary industries and fisheries. When stressed by drought or heat, plants can also contain toxic levels of cyanide and nitrates at later stages in growth. Sorghum for Baking Products. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. technicum). The development and use of sorghum for use in animal agriculture continues. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Flower structure of sorghum. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. S. bicolor is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia, and is the fifth-most important cereal crop grown in the world. ... Botany 109845 What Is The Floral Formula Of Graminae Family. [14], This article is about the plant genus. Updates? Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. Sorghum might just be the next it grain, thanks to its pleasing chew and subtly sweet flavor. The main importers of sorghum are Japan, Mexico, the former USSR (CIS) and Venezuela. Other gluten free gains/flours include amaranth, buckwheat, chia, corn, potato starch, quinoa, rice, millet and teff. These varieties form important components of forage in many tropical regions. Sorghum grain is a staple human food in Africa and Asia, but is grown almost solely as a livestock feed in the western Cherednichenko of russian academy of sciences. Sorghum can better tolerate short periods of water logging compared with maize. The critical helicoverpa larvae number can be calculated with the following formula: No. Gliricidia sepium is native to the seasonally dry Pacific coast of Central America and is now widespread throughout the tropics within 6°S and 19°N of the equator.It grows well from sea level to an altitude of 1600 m, in areas where the mean temperature ranges from 20°C to 29°C, and annual rainfall is between 900 mm and 1500 mm, with a five-month dry period. Poaceae (/ p oʊ ˈ eɪ s i aɪ /) or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses.It includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and species cultivated in lawns and pasture. If five free sepals are present the whorl is represented by K5 and if united it is represented by K (5). Not only is sorghum well suited to the inexpensive formula of feed portion, but it is readily available for feed. Sorghum is a cereal grain that grows tall like corn, and it is used for a lot more than just sweetening. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species.Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. Millet farming became particularly successful in the tropics because, unlike wheat and barley, it did not require the long daylight hours of summer that occur in the temperate climes. Sorghum is a strong grass and usually grows to a height of 0.6 to 2.4 metres (2 to 8 feet), sometimes reaching as high as 4.6 metres (15 feet). It's a popular crop to grow within the drier regions of the States because it is drought resistant. Sorghum [Sorghum bicolour (L.) Moench] is an indigenous crop to Africa, and though commercial needs and uses may change over time, sorghum will remain a basic staple food for many rural communities. floral formula: actinomorphic, -3, 3- (tepals), 9 stamens, 3 fused carpels (superior ovary) umbel inflorescence (branching from one main axis) really large, thick, woody taproot (lets you know that it's perennial) stem nodes not swollen, ochre (fused stipules) not present Sorghum is an excellent substitute for wheat, rye and barley for those who cannot tolerate gluten. Its versatile seed heads, which range from white to red and brown, are handsome in mixed bouquets or on their own. Sorghum is a widely adaptable species that is cultivated as an annual cereal and forage crop in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions of the world. If there are more than one whorl of an organ, they are represented by the some of their representative parts. [4][5] One species is grown for grain, while many others are used as fodder plants, either cultivated in warm climates worldwide or naturalized in pasture lands. 2½ hours this question paper consists of 14 pages. P. Pontieri, L. Del Giudice, in Encyclopedia of Food and Health, 2016. Stalks and leaves are coated with a white wax, and the pith, or central portion, of the stalks of certain varieties is juicy and sweet. Sorghum, with large juicy stems containing as much as 10% sucrose, used in manufacture of syrup; sugar can be manufactured from sorghum. The floral parts borne in the axil of lemma. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. is a plant of 1 to 3 meters high, solid cylindrical rod with a terminal inflorescence compact panicle. Fodders: Most of the fodders of the animals also belong to this family. This is a particular variety of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor var. If a flower has three whorls of five stamens each, then the androecium is represented by A5+5+5. • Fe and zinc are the micronutrient most likely to be deficient in Kansas for sorghum. The tiny flowers are produced in panicles that range from loose to dense; each flower cluster bears 800–3,000 kernels. Sorghum flour does not contain proteins that produce viscoelastic properties similar to that of gluten found in wheat; therefore, acceptable yeast-leavened products from 100% sorghum flour are difficult to obtain. Discover more about sorghum… Due to its exceptional drought tolerance, sorghum is a predominant cereal grain in semiarid regions of the world. Floral formula: Distribution of Poaceae: The family is commonly known as grass family. One species, Sorghum bicolor,[7] native to Africa with many cultivated forms now,[8] is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses"), animal fodder, the production of alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. Corn is popular for use in breakfast foods.…. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. 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