Sometimes branched, at times entire, inflorescence purple. Associated Fauna: Flowers attracts Small Mason bees and Sweat bees, pollens. According to the experts at Organic India, a tea line that includes many tulsi-based teas, a clean system is a happy system. Fruit : Nutlets 4, ellipsoid, smooth, brown metted with minute yellow and black spots, covered with short fringe of hygroscopic mucilaginous hairs. Leaves: Opposite decussate, simple, petiolate, exstipulate, ovate, serrate, acute, hairy, unicostate reticulate. 50% ethanolic extract of OS (OSE) was prepared by adding 500 g of dried, crushed, and powdered leaves of OS in 1000 mL of … Your IP: 208.113.162.98 A decoction of the root is given as a diaphoretic in malarial fevers. Abstract Ocimum tenuiflorum L.f. (syn O. sanctum L.) (Labiatae) is an ayurvedic medicinal plant from India that was introduced in Northeastern Brazil in 1970. The genetic distance between the two species was calculated to investigate the interspecies relationship and it is 2.86. Ocimum sanctum L. (Tulsi) is an erect, much branched sub-shrub 30-60 cm tall, with simple opposite green or purple leaves that are strongly scented and hairy stems. The flowers are … In this study, the chemical constituents and antioxidant property of holy basil (Ocimum sanctum Linn.) Tulasi or Ocimum Sanctum belongs to family Lamiaceae and its flowers are tiny, purple and inflorescence is a verticillaster and forms a spike that is 12-14 … Petiolate, aromatic, ovate or elliptic-oblong, obtuse or subacute at apex, annulate or narrowed at base, shallowly and distant by serrate along margins, closely gland-dotted with long hairs on both sides. • Traditionally leaves are used in bronchitis, gastric, skin and hepatic disorders [2]. field-grown plant parts (leaves, stems, and inflorescence) were compared with those of respective callus cultures induced from each explant in in vitro. Danna Robert: Warung is mixed with fish in coconut milk soup. MS supplemented with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) or thidiazuron (TDZ) produced only non-morphogenetic callus. Thus the new name for the family Labiatae became Lamiaceae. It is a small shrub with many branches and strongly scented green leaves. The therapeutic importance of this herbal drug led to discover its biological and pharmacological potentials. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Verticillaster inflorescence occurs in family Lamiaceae or Labiatae where stems are generally quadrangular, e.g., Ocimum sanctum (Sacred Basil, vern. An infusion of the leaves is used as a stomachic in gastric disorders of children. The seeds are mucilaginous and demulcent, and are given in disorders of genito-urinary systems. field-grown plant parts (leaves, stems, and inflorescence) were compared with those of respective callus cultures induced from each explant in in vitro. The verticils are further arranged in a racemose fashion. Ocimum santcum (Fig. 1. In this study, the chemical constituents and antioxidant property of holy basil (Ocimum sanctum Linn.) Reportedly, the herb assists in reducing stress and increasing energy, while balancing the body, supporting the immune system, improving mood, and supporting cognitive function and decision-making. Ocimum / ˈ ɒ s ɪ m ə m / is a genus of aromatic annual and perennial herbs and shrubs in the family Lamiaceae, native to the tropical and warm temperate regions of all 6 inhabited continents, with the greatest number of species in Africa. Fruits: The fruit is composed of 4 tiny, one-seeded nutlets. 85.1): Habit: A perennial herb with strong aromatic smell. Chuuk. Dr. Maulik Gadani. commonly recognized as Holy Basil or Tulsi is an Ayurvedic herb with long history of traditional use. Ocimum tenuiflorum. E.g. Leaves have petiole and are ovate, up to 5 cm long, usually somewhat toothed. Tulsi, often referred to as “Holy Basil,” is believed to have multiple health benefits. Keywords: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Ocimum sanctum, periodontitis, phytomedicine, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotell intermedia How to cite this article: Mallikarjun S, Rao A, Rajesh G, Shenoy R, Pai M. Antimicrobial efficacy of Tulsi leaf ( Ocimum sanctum ) extract on periodontal pathogens: An in vitro study. Stem: Herbaceous above and woody below, aerial, erect, solid, quadrangular, branched, hairy with aromatic smell. According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Flowers are sessile and appear in a false whorl or vertically around the stem. Most of the herbs belongs to this family are angular stem, leaves simple arranged opposite decussate manner, aromatic glands, Inflorescence verticillaster, complete flower, bisexual, zygomorphic, hypogynous, bilibiate stamens, didynamous epipetalous, carpels two ovaries, fuse. Synonym: Ocimum sanctum English name: holy basil Chuukese name: warung Kosraen name: aring Pohnpeian name: kadiring Yapese name:lamar. Flowers in axillary and terminal racemes of compact whorls, floral axis as long as calyx slender, simple. Ocimum basilicum (Niazbo) is a tender plant, best known as a culinary herb which belongs to family labiatae (Mint Family). The leaves are ovate and slightly toothed. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. The two opposite clusters often give the appearance of whorl or verticil due to overcrowd­ing. field-grown plant parts (leaves, stems, and inflorescence) were compared with those of respective callus cultures induced from each explant in in vitro. The best known species are the strongly aromatic herb Ocimum basilicum (Thai basil) and Ocimum gratissimum (African basil) as well as the medicinal herb Ocimum tenuiflorum, also known as Ocimum sanctum (holy basil or tulsi in Hindi). The flowers are used in mwarmwars (head garlands). Each cluster is a dichasial cyme reduced to two scorpioid. Oils produced by steam distillation and microwave distillation from leaves and inflorescences were analyzed by GC/MS and retention indices. inflorescence is a long spike. Abstract In vitro micropropagation of holy basil (Ocimum sanctum L.), an Indian medicinal herb, has been accomplished on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium utilizing young inflorescence explants. Here, one inflorescence consisting of two clusters develops from each of the two opposite axils of the leaves. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. • Ocimum sanctum Linn. The content and composition of the essential oils obtained from different Ocimum species varies widely based on the geographical location, growth stage and harvesting season. 64 PRIYA×GU (Inflorescence) Calicarpa macrophylla Vahl 143 65 áËLÌ (Root) Oryza sativa Linn 145 ... 72 TULASÌ (Whole Plant) Ocimum sanctum Linn 162 73 TULASÌ (Leaf) Ocimum sanctum Linn 165 74 VACË (Rhizome) Acorus calamus Linn 168 75 VATSANËBHA (Root) … Ocimum sanctum, Ocimum tomentosum: Common Name: ... Small clusters of 3 flowers are arranged in pairs along a spike-like, racemose inflorescence (8-10 cm long). Sometimes branched, at times entire, inflorescence purple. F. L. Hakkim, C. G. Shankar, and S. Girija, “Chemical composition and antioxidant property of holy basil (Ocimum sanctum L.) leaves, stems, and inflorescence and their in vitro callus cultures,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 55(22) (2007): 9109–17. Essential oil s of O.sanctum in leaf inflorescence and stem were investi gated.Eugenol (57-50 per cent), caryophyllene (22-32 per cent) and methyl eugenol (6-14 per cent) were the major constituents together compris­ ing 85 per cent of the oil. The juice of leaves possesses diaphoretic, antiperiodic, stimulating and expectorant properties. Commonly known as holy basil or tulsi and tulasi in South Asia, it is an important sacred plant in Hinduism and, as with many plant species used in Asia, the religious uses are often linked with the medicinal uses. But is also used to flavor other sauces and soups the Vedic period ( 3500–1600 B.C. short-lived... Sometimes branched, hairy with aromatic smell the new name for the Labiatae... 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