The independent variable (sometimes known as the manipulated variable) is the variable whose change isn't affected by any other variable in the experiment. An independent variable is a variable that influences the dependent variable. In statistical analysis the dependent variable (usually designated Y) is a function of one or more independent variables (usually designated as X). A dependent variable is one that has been identified as the manifestation of some social phenomenon and that is caused by, or associated with, other independent variables. This other variable is the dependent variable, or the variable we think is affected by the independent variable (see Figure 2.3 âCausal Path for the Independent and Dependent Variableâ). INDEPENDENT VARIABLE. Elaboration is an effective (albeit somewhat tedious) means of weeding out spurious and intervening relationships. The dependent variable is the effect, or thing that is changed. The independent variable is the variable the experimenter changes or controls and is assumed to have a direct effect on the dependent variable. Studies analyzing dependent variables look at how and why they differ from one another. Causality examines the world in terms of variables, independent variable and dependent variable.An independent variable is typically the cause, while a dependent variable is the effect. Independent variable: What the scientist changes or what changes on its own. ; For example, if the hypothesis is a causal explanation, it will involve at least one dependent variable and one independent variable. Two examples of common independent variables are gender and educational level. independent variable Within a particular study, analysis, or model, the independent (or explanatory) variable is the social element whose characteristics or variations shape and determine the dependent variable: for example, the age of marriage can help explain the likelihood of divorce. How does gender (the independent variable) affect rate of income (the dependent variable)? When the independent variable affects the dependent variable only by way of a mediating variable (sort of like a chain reaction), it is said to be an intervening relationship. In attempting to find out and discover how the world works, man has used experimentation to answer those questions, and one of the most widely used and recognized methods has been that of cause and effect relationships. It is the presumed cause. An independent variable is a variable we think can affect another variable. Dependent variable: What is being studied/measured. Sociology Index - Internet Research. Independent Variable The variable that is stable and unaffected by the other variables you are trying to measure. For example, in a basic study, the researcher would establish one form of human behavior as the independent variable and observe the influence it has on a dependent variable. Cramer, Duncan and Dennis Howitt. The independent variable is that variable assumed to be the causal variable. In this hypothesis, the independent (causal) variable is civic engagement and the dependent variables (or effects) are the qualities of government. In social science research, multiple observations are used to address this problem. Independent variables represent those factors that might influence the behavior under study. The independent variable is one that the researchers either manipulate (such as the amount of something) or that already exists but is not dependent upon other variables (such as the age of the participants). It refers to the condition of an experiment that is systematically manipulated by the investigator. Examples of independent variable in the following topics: Formulating the Hypothesis. 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