0000002000 00000 n The Least Bittern is most often seen in the southeastern areas of North America. American Bittern. Length: 24-34 inches long As part of the endangered and threatened species program, the CT Department of Environmental Protection (CTDEP) developed a List of Endangered, Threatened, and Special Concern Species in 1992. Here's the full list. In 1989, the Connecticut legislature passed Public Act 89-224 an act establishing a program for the protection of endangered and threatened species with the goal of conserving, protecting, restoring, and enhancing any endangered or threatened species and their essential habitat. 0000008059 00000 n American Bittern ( Botaurus lentiginosus ), a Special Concern species in Wisconsin, is a medium-sized wading bird with a stout body, long neck and bill. Once considered a common summer resident in Connecticut (Merriam 1877), it was being reported by state ornithologists as “rare” by the early 1900’s (Sage and Bishop, 1913). Young are fed in the nest for two weeks following hatching. Widespread wetland loss and degradation have contributed to population decline of this wetland obligate species. Such declines are most likely due to loss of wetland habitat. 0000007748 00000 n The Audubon Encyclopedia of North American Birds, Alfred A. Knopf, NY. American bitterns (Botaurus lentiginosus) are uncommon to rare regular migrants in most of... Identifying Characteristics: . The Birds of Connecticut. State of Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection, 2015: http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2702&q=323488&depNav_GID=1628. We provide print and Internet hunting safety courses for more than 45 states. Due to population declines and habitat loss, the breeding population of the American bittern was listed as endangered in New Jersey. Nest: Female builds a platform of dead reeds, cattails, and grasses either directly on the ground in a marsh or wet meadow or a few inches above the water level. As with other birds that rely on this endangered habitat, the American bittern is a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in Minnesota because its decline is linked to that of its habitat. 0000002589 00000 n <<5803730BA2115749B6304B661B78E979>]>> 0000069815 00000 n The American Bittern is not included on the federal ESA. The American Bittern is uncommon throughout its breeding range; the highest concentration of breeding adults is found in the Prairie Pothole Region of the United States and south-central Canada. info@rockfallfoundation.org. 1109 pp. Dark flight feathers are conspicuous on the wing tips when the birds are in flight. 113. With its secretive habits and relatively impenetrable habitat, the Least Bittern is one of North America’s most poorly known species. American Bitterns return to Massachusetts marshes in April. endstream endobj 112 0 obj <. 0000181695 00000 n Although the bittern remains widely distributed, populations are declining across its range. 0000007906 00000 n Scientific name • Botaurus lentiginosus . The American Bittern population is undergoing a substantial decline due to loss and degredation of habitat. 0000002123 00000 n The combination of a slow river, floodplain forest, and dry sand makes for excellent turtle habitat. Contributed by Anthony Zemba and Amanda Kenyon. The marshes along the river also support rare marsh-nesting birds: American Bittern (Endangered), King Rail (Endangered), and Pied-billed Grebe (Endangered) have all been spotted here at some time of year. Bulletin No. and L. B. Bishop. 0000005211 00000 n This species is very secretive, in addition to being a master of camouflage. 0000004206 00000 n CTDEP/CTDEEP. All Rights Reserved © 2017 -, Off the Beaten Path: Bear Rock & Millers Pond, Meet Your Greens: Middletown Green Drinks, The Elements: An Environmental Film Series, Virginia R. Rollefson Environmental Leadership Scholarship, Featured Rare Bird of the CT River: American Oystercatcher, Featured Rare Bird of the CT River: Least Tern, Featured Rare Bird of the CT River: Piping Plover. xref Favorite Food: Frogs, small eels, catfish, pickerel suckers, killifish, sticklebacks; garter snakes, water snakes, salamanders, crayfishes, meadow mice, water scorpions, giant water bugs, diving beetles, dragon flies, etc. The freshwater marshlands that occur along the lower Connecticut River Valley in Middlesex County still likely offer favorable habitat for the conservation of this species. 2007. 0000002925 00000 n Juvenile. Trans. CT and Federal wetland protection laws have stemmed the loss of habitat that has likely contributed to the demise of this species’ population in CT. It is a stout heron, with mottled buff-brown plumage. endstream endobj 161 0 obj <>/Size 111/Type/XRef>>stream 0000227205 00000 n 0000068814 00000 n 93205, and - amendments thereto, plus such other species which the Board may list as in danger of extinction in the wild in Illinois due to one or more causes including but Connecticut’s Endangered, Threatened and Special Concern Species. Common name • American Bittern . Behavior. The plumage does not change seasonally. 0000068370 00000 n Pale brown to olive-buff. "Endangered Species" means any species of plant or animal classified as endangered under the Federal Endangered Species Act of 1973, P.L. Wingspread: to 50 in. It is listed as a species of special concern in the state of Michigan. 162 0 obj <>stream 111 0 obj <> endobj However, the bird has an extremely large range and a large total population, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed its conservation status as being of "Least Concern". Their necks are also shorter than the American Bittern's. Data from the North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) show a declining trend through… Unfortunately, the status of the American Bittern has remained unchanged since its inception to the CT ESA list in 1992, when it was added with the status of “Endangered”. As part of the endangered and threatened species program, the CT Department of Environmental Protection (CTDEP) developed a List of Endangered, Threatened, and Special Concern Species in 1992. This tactic works well in a reed bed, but not so much when in the open. 3-5, sometimes 2-7. Of the 314 North American birds identified by Audubon as either climate threatened or climate endangered, more than 170 commonly occur in California. When approached by potential predators, American Bitterns attempt to camouflage themselves by pointing their bill upwards, compressing their body feathers, and remaining as still as the surrounding vegetation. 0000011489 00000 n 0000008606 00000 n 0000003233 00000 n Featured Rare Bird of the CT River: American Bittern, https://www.rockfallfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/rockfall_final-logo-inverse-low-res.png, https://www.rockfallfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/ambittern-scaled.jpg, Copyright The Rockfall Foundation. American Bittern is the larger type of the two bitterns in North America. An average of 1 to 2 bitterns is encountered on BBS routes in this region, … The species was listed as a Nongame Species of Management Concern by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service in 1982 and 1987. Fish and other aquatic life make up the majority of the bittern diet. 0000011242 00000 n Juveniles look most similar to American Bitterns, but Black-crowned Night-Herons have shorter, thicker, and blunter bills. 0000003828 00000 n When this bird feels threatened, it will point its bill into the sky to blend into the tall grasses and cattails around it. This migratory species arrives on Canadian breeding grounds between late April and late May; by mid-May, calling and nesting begin. American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus) Fun Facts. The New Jersey Natural Heritage Program considers the American bittern to be “apparently secure globally,” yet “rare in New Jersey” (Office of Natural Lands Management 1992). 0000011008 00000 n 0000010662 00000 n Identification: Adult American bitterns are large, somewhat stocky birds with yellow eyes, rich brown upperparts, and a white throat that is offset by black streaks. It is more often heard than seen during the breeding season when it is likely to bellow its territorial pumping call across the wetland it has occupied. Currently, the American bittern is considered a Species of Special Concern in New York State. Eggs. Marshes and swamps forming the habitat of the species have been built over and used for commercial gain. 0000000016 00000 n Hunter Ed is committed to hunter education safety. 0000007144 00000 n 0000010498 00000 n startxref Like many species in New Jersey, protecting American bitterns is closely tied with protecting their wetland habitats. American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus. 27 Washington Street The sexes are similar in appearance. Range: Summer resident throughout much of the southern Canadian Provinces and most of the lower 48 states of the USA. A Review of the Birds of Connecticut with Remarks on their Habits. The least bittern has undergone a decline in population over the last several decades throughout some portions of its range including New Jersey. 0000002758 00000 n 0000001690 00000 n 0000010105 00000 n Photo Gallery. 1913. Feeding Behavior. Historical accounts indicate that American bitterns were once common throughout New York State. State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. At that time, the American Bittern was included on that list and was assigned an “endangered” status (CTDEP, 1992). American bittern was listed as threatened in New Jersey in 1987. Incubation is by female only, 24-28 days. Species Profile Current Status: . It is listed as Endangered in several neighboring states, including Connecticut, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania. 0000068886 00000 n American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea Northern Harrier Circus hudsonius Barn Owl Tyto alba Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis American Bittern. At that time, the American Bittern was included on that list and was assigned an “endangered” status (CTDEP, 1992). While the American bittern is not listed as a federally endangered or threatened species, its population has decreased due to loss of habitat. In Pennsylvania, the American bittern is listed as state endangered and protected under the Game and... Population Trend: . 0000069292 00000 n Fish and Wildlife Service classified it as a species of high concern in North America (http: //www.fws.gov/birds/waterbirds/statusassessment/ assessment.html). All listed species are protected from killing, collecting, possessing, or sale and from activities that would destroy habitat and thus directly or Although not list as endangered or threatened at the federal level, the American bittern is a species of high concern in the Upper Mississippi Valley/ Great Lakes Region of the North American Waterbird Conservation Plan and is a U. S. Fish and Wildlife … Editor:  The Atlas of Breeding Birds of Connecticut. 0000003468 00000 n Its ... Habitat. 0000001379 00000 n 860.347.0340 0000226984 00000 n Merriam, C. H. 1877. List of endangered, threatened, and special concern birds in Connecticut. It is listed as a Species of Special Concern in New Jersey (not yet endangered … 1994. Sage, J.H. This long legged wading bird is related to herons and egrets (Family Ardeidae). ��|��S�.��;�!3�@�`�ǒ��e���?�����t^J�RSD��ȗ��B#��߄]w=�K(Tv?d� We work with state agencies to produce a hunter safety education course that’s accurate, interesting, and easy to understand. Bulletin No. 0000003096 00000 n %PDF-1.6 %���� 0000153146 00000 n First eggs are laid between mid-May and June, and incubated for 17 to 20 days. 0000069569 00000 n Eggs: Two to six eggs, (but usually 3-5) laid between April to July; incubated by female for 24 days 0000070060 00000 n Federal status • None. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. An expert in the art of camouflage, the American Bittern is famous for its odd, “pumping” song and for pointing its bill toward the heavens and freezing in place to avoid predators. 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